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    Botany (CALS)

    The botany curriculum provides a broad background in the biology of plants, from the molecular to the organismic level. Students who major in botany will take courses in anatomy, ecology, genetics, physiology, taxonomy and molecular biology of plants and biochemistry.

    About This Major

    Overview

    Small classes are taught by faculty who have a commitment to undergraduate education. Students participate in mentored research, assisting faculty with research projects on campus and abroad. The major prepares students for careers in industry and government agencies, for graduate and professional schools, and for teaching jobs in high schools.

    The general botany specialization is for students who may not intend to pursue a graduate degree but are interested in a career in plant biology. This specialization provides some flexibility in tailoring the courses needed in order to pursue specific interests. Students are encouraged to consult with an adviser and botany faculty member when deciding on which courses to take.

    The botanical research specialization is for students who intend to pursue a graduate degree and requires research with a faculty member. This specialization provides some flexibility in tailoring the courses needed in order to pursue specific interests. Students are encouraged to consult with an adviser and botany faculty member when deciding on which courses to take.

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    Combined Degree Programs

    The Department of Biology offers a BS/MS (thesis or non-thesis) in botany. Admission requires a minimum GRE score of 1100, a minimum 3.2 GPA and a maximum of 12 overlapping credits. Contact the undergraduate coordinator at biouc-l@lists.ufl.edu or call 352.273.0126 for more information.

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    Coursework for the Major

    Required coursework is dependent upon the specialization. Coursework for each specialization can be found below under Critical Tracking and Recommended Semester Plan.

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    Relevant Minors and/or Certificates

    Students majoring in botany can minor in most other disciplines, and this is a good way to organize students' electives around areas of interest. Note that botany majors cannot minor in biology, nor can biology majors minor in botany (the curricula for the botany and biology majors are too similar).

    UFTeach Program: There is a severe shortage of qualified secondary science teachers in Florida and nationwide. Students interested in becoming part of this high-demand profession should see a botany adviser or the UFTeach adviser. UFTeach students complete the UFTeach minor in science teaching with their B.S. in botany and have the coursework and preparation for professional teacher certification in Florida when they graduate.

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    Research

    Botany majors are strongly encouraged to participate in research, and research is required for the Botanical Research specialization. Research experience is valuable on many levels: it diversifies the college experience; it teaches students how scientists apply the knowledge gained in the classroom to real world questions; it provides the opportunity to work with and get to know researchers who are the best in their field; it introduces students to cutting edge scientific questions and techniques; it can enhance a student's resume/CV when applying to graduate or professional school; and finally it is essential in helping students determine if science is a good career choice.

    CALS botany majors may participate in research for course credit, as a scholar (e.g., University Scholar, Science for Life Scholar, Beckman Scholar), as a volunteer, or, in rare cases, as a paid research assistant. Please visit Undergraduate Research for information regarding course credit. Students who plan to enroll for course credit must contact potential research mentors, develop a project, and turn in the required application and proposal no later than the week before drop/add. If the window is missed, students should still contact potential research mentors, if only to discuss upcoming opportunities.

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    General Botany

    This option is intended for students who do not plan to attend graduate or professional school, but are planning a career in government, public service, or secondary education. A student must achieve a minimum grade of C in all required courses for the major.

    Required Foundation Courses

    • BOT 2010C Introductory Botany (3) and BOT 2011C Plant Diversity* (4) (preferred) or
      BSC 2010 and 2010L Integrated Principles of Biology 1 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 1 Laboratory (1) and
      BSC 2011 and 2011L Integrated Principles of Biology 2 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 2 Laboratory (1) (7-8 credits total)
    • CHM 2045 and 2045L General Chemistry 1 (3) and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory (1) and
      CHM 2046 and 2046L General Chemistry 2 (3) and General Chemistry 2 Laboratory (1) (8 credits total)
    • CHM 2200 and 2200L Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry (3) and Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1)
    • MAC 1147 Precalculus: Algebra and Trigonometry (4) or
      MAC 2311 Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1 (4) and
      STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics 1 (3), or
      COP 2800 Computer Programming Using JAVA (3) or equivalent, or
      COP 3275 Computer Programming Using C (3) or equivalent, or
      BSC 2891 Python Programming for Biology (3) (7 credits total)
    • PHY 2004 and 2004L Applied Physics 1 (3) and Applied Physics 1 Laboratory (1)

    Required Courses for the General Botany Specialization

    • AGR 3303 Genetics (3) or PCB 3063 Genetics (4)
    • PCB 4674 Evolution (4)
    • BOT 2710C Practical Plant Taxonomy (3)
    • BOT 3503 and 3503L Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants (3) and Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants Laboratory (2)

    Choose two of the following ecology and Florida biodiversity courses:

    • PCB 4043C General Ecology (4)
    • PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3)
    • BOT 3151C Local Flora (3)
    • BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)

    Choose one of the following cells and tissues courses:

    • BOT 4935/5225C Plant Anatomy (4)
    • PCB 3023 Essential Cell Biology (3)

    Choose one of the following biodiversity breadth courses:

    • BOT 2011C * (4)
    • ZOO 4307C Vertebrate Biodiversity (4)
    • ZOO 4926 Mammalogy (3)
    • ZOO 4205C Invertebrate Biodiversity (4)
    • ENY 3005 (2) and ENY 3005L (1) Principles of Entomology
    • WIS 4934 Mammalogy (3)
    • PLP 3002C Fundamentals of Plant Pathology (4)
    • PLP 4653C Basic Fungal Biology (4)
    • MCB 2000/ MCB 2000L Microbiology (3) and lab (1)
    • MCB 3020/ MCB 3020L Basic Biology of Microorganisms (3) and lab (1)
    • BSC 4936 Critical Analysis of Biological Research (2)
    • Choose two from any of the above courses or other approved electives (4-8 credits)

    * Students who choose BOT 2011C to fulfill the foundation requirements may not use BOT 2011C to fulfill the biodiversity breadth requirements for the major.

    Recommended and approved electives (some courses may have prerequisites):

    • AGG 3501 Environment, Food and Society (3)
    • AGR 4304 Plant Chromosomes and Genomes (3)
    • AGR 4320 Plant Breeding (3)
    • AGR 4512 Physiology and Ecology of Crops (3)
    • ALS 4163 Challenges in Plant Resource Protection (3)
    • BCH 5045 Graduate Survey of Biochemistry (Online) (4)
    • BCH 3023 Elementary Organic and Biological Chemistry (Online) (3)
    • BOT 2800C Plants in Human Affairs (3)
    • BOT 4053 Practical Experience in Teaching Botany (2)
    • BOT 4621 Plant Geography (2)
    • BOT 4935 Special Topics in Botany (2-4)
    • BOT 4935/5305 Paleobotany (3)
    • BSC 2862 Global Change Ecology and Sustainability (3)
    • BSC 3402 Theory and Practice in the Biological Sciences (2)
    • BSC 4434 Introduction to Bioinformatics (3)
    • ENY 4161 Insect Classification (3)
    • FNR 3131C Dendrology/Forest Plants (3)
    • FOR 2662 Forests for the Future (3)
    • FOR 3004 Forests, Conservation and People (3)
    • FOR 3153C Forest Ecology (3)
    • FOR 3342C Tree Biology (3)
    • FOR 4060 Global Forests (3)
    • HOS 3305 Introduction to Plant Molecular Biology (3)
    • HOS 4304 Horticultural Physiology (3)
    • HOS 4313C Laboratory Methods in Plant Molecular Biology (2)
    • HOS 4341 Advanced Horticultural Physiology (3)
    • MCB 4304 Genetics of Microorganisms (3)
    • MCB 4320C Bacterial Genome Sequencing and Analysis (3)
    • MCB 4503 General Virology (3)
    • MCB 4652 Environmental Microbiology (3)
    • ORH 3513C Environmental Plant Identification and Use (3)
    • ORH 3773 Public Gardens (2)
    • ORH 3815C Florida Native Landscaping (3)
    • PCB 4553 Population Genetics (4)
    • PCB 5338 Principles of Ecosystem Ecology (3)
    • PLP 2060 Fungus Among Us: Mushrooms, Molds, and Civilization (3)
    • PLP 3230 Survey of Plant Pathogens (3)
    • PLS 2003 Plants that Feed the World (3)
    • PLS 3221 (2) and 3221L (1) Plant Propagation and Lab
    • PLS 4601C Principles of Weed Science (3)
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    Critical Tracking

    Equivalent critical-tracking courses as determined by the State of Florida Common Course Prerequisites may be used for transfer students.

    Semester 1

    • Complete 1 of 5 critical-tracking courses, including lab: BSC 2010/2010L or BOT 2010C, BSC 2011/2011L or BOT 2011C, CHM 2045/2045L, CHM 2046/2046L; MAC 1147, MAC 2311 or STA 2023
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 2

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 3

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs, with a 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 4

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs, with 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 5

    • Complete all critical-tracking courses, including labs, with 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required
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    Recommended Semester Plan

    To graduate with this major, students must complete all university, college and major requirements. 

    Students are expected to complete the writing requirement while in the process of taking the courses below. Students are also expected to complete the general education international (GE-N) and diversity (GE-D) requirements concurrently with another general education requirement (typically, GE-C, H or S).

    Semester 1 Credits
    BSC 2010 and 2010L Integrated Principles of Biology 1 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 1 Laboratory (1) (GE-B) or
    BOT 2010C Introductory Botany (GE-B)
    4
    IUF 1000 What is the Good Life (GE-H)​ 3​
    MAC 1147 Precalculus: Algebra and Trigonometry or
    MAC 2311 Analytic Geometry and Calculus I (State Core GE-M)
    4
    Composition (State Core GE-C) (WR) 3
    Elective (BSC 1920 First Year Introduction: Biology at UF recommended) 1
    Total 15
    Semester 2 Credits
    BSC 2011 and 2011L Integrated Principles of Biology 2 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 2 Laboratory (1) (GE-B) or
    BOT 2011C Plant Diversity (4) (GE-B)
    4
    CHM 2045 and 2045L General Chemistry 1 (3) and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory (1) (State Core GE-B/P) 4
    Composition (GE-C) (WR) 3
    Social and Behavioral Sciences (State Core GE-S) 3
    Total 14
    Semester 3 Credits
    AEC 3033C Research and Business Writing in Agricultural and Life Sciences 3
    CHM 2046 and 2046L General Chemistry 2 (3) and General Chemistry 2 Laboratory (1) (GE-P) 4
    ​Elective ​3
    Humanities (State Core GE-H) 3
    Social and Behavioral Sciences (GE-S) 3
    Total 16
    Semester 4 Credits
    ​AEB 2014 - Economic Issues, Food and You or
    AEB 3103 Principles of Food and Resource Economics or
    ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics (GE-S)
    3-4​
    ​PHY 2004 and 2004L Applied Physics 1 (3) and Applied Physics 1 Laboratory (1) 4​
    STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics 1 (GE-M) or
    COP 2800 Computer Programming Using JAVA or equivalent or
    COP 3275 Computer Programming Using C (GE-M) or equivalent or
    BSC 2891 Python Programming for Biology
    3
    Social and Behavioral Sciences (GE-S) 3
    Total 13-14
    Semester 5 Credits
    ​CHM 2200 and 2200L Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry (3) and
    Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry Laboratory (1)
    4​​
    PCB 4043C General Ecology (4) or
    PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3) or
    BOT 3151C Local Flora (3) or
    BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)
    3-4
    PCB 4674 Evolution 4
    Humanities (GE-H) 3
    Total 14-15
    Semester 6 Credits
    ​AEC 3030C Effective Oral Communication 3​
    AGR 3303 Genetics (3) or
    PCB 3063 Genetics (4)
    3-4
    BOT 2710 Practical Plant Taxonomy (GE-B) 3
    BOT4935 / 5225C Plant Anatomy (4) or
    PCB 3023 Essential Cell Biology (3)
    3-4
    Math (GE-M), if COP 2800 or BSC 2891 taken for computational requirement; or Elective 3
    Total 15-17
    Semester 7 Credits
    BOT 3503 and 3503L Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants (3) and Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants Laboratory (2) 5
    PCB 4043C General Ecology (4) or
    PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3) or
    BOT 3151C Local Flora of North Florida (3) or
    BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)
    3-4
    Approved botany elective 6
    Other elective 3
    Total 17-18
    Semester 8 Credits
    BSC 4936 Critical Analysis of Biological Research 2
    Biodiversity breadth course 4
    Electives 10
    Total 16
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    Botanical Research

    This option provides a strong background in the basic sciences and research, and is intended for students who plan to attend graduate school. Minimum grades of C are required in the foundation and botany major requirements.

    Required Foundation Courses

    • BOT 2010C Introductory Botany (3) and BOT 2011C Plant Diversity* (4) (preferred) or
      BSC 2010 and 2010L Integrated Principles of Biology 1 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 1 Laboratory (1) and
      BSC 2011 and 2011L Integrated Principles of Biology 2 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 2 Laboratory (1) (7-8 credits total)
    • CHM 2045 and 2045L General Chemistry 1 (3) and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory (1) and
      CHM 2046 and 2046L General Chemistry 2 (3) and General Chemistry 2 Laboratory (1) (8 credits total)
    • CHM 2210 and 2211 Organic Chemistry 1 and 2 (3+3) and CHM 2211L Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory (2) or
      CHM 3217 and 3218 Organic Chemistry/Biochemistry 1 and 2 (4+4) and
      CHM 2211L Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory (2) (8-10 credits total)
    • MAC 2311 Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1 (4) and
      STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics 1 (3), or
      COP 2800 Computer Programming Using JAVA (3) or equivalent, or
      COP 3275 Computer Programming Using C (3) or equivalent, or
      BSC 2891 Python Programming for Biology (3) (7 credits total)
    • PHY 2053 and 2053L Physics 1 (4) and Physics 1 Laboratory (1) and
      PHY 2054 and 2054L Physics 2 (4) and Physics 2 Laboratory (1) (10 credits total) or
      PHY 2048 and 2048L Physics with Calculus 1 (3) and Physics with Calculus 1 Laboratory (1) and PHY 2049 and 2049L Physics with Calculus 2 (3) and Physics with Calculus 2 Laboratory (1) (8 credits total)

    Required Courses for the Botanical Research Specialization

    • AGR 3303 Genetics (3) or PCB 3063 Genetics (4)
    • PCB 4674 Evolution (4)
    • BOT 2710C Practical Plant Taxonomy (3)
    • BOT 3503 and 3503L Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants (3) and Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants Laboratory (2)

    Choose two of the following ecology and Florida biodiversity courses:
    • PCB 4043C General Ecology (4)
    • PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3)
    • BOT 3151C Local Flora (3)
    • BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)

    Choose one of the following cells and tissues courses:
    • BOT 4935/5225C Plant anatomy (4)
    • PCB 3023 Essential Cell Biology (3)
    • BCH 4024 Introduction to Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (4)

    Choose one of the following biodiversity breadth courses:
    • BOT 2011C * (4)
    • BOT 4911 Undergraduate Research in Botany (2) and
      BSC 3911 Entering Research in Biology (1) must be taken concurrently with BOT 4911 and
      BSC 4936 Critical Analysis of Biological Research (2)
    • ZOO 4307C Vertebrate Biodiversity (4)
    • ZOO 4926 Mammalogy (3)
    • ZOO 4205C Invertebrate Biodiversity (4)
    • ENY 3005 (2) and ENY 3005L (1) Principles of Entomology
    • WIS 4934 Mammalogy (3)
    • PLP 3002C Fundamentals of Plant Pathology (4)
    • PLP 4653C Basic Fungal Biology (4)
    • MCB 2000/ MCB 2000L Microbiology (3) and lab (1)
    • MCB 3020/ MCB 3020L Basic Biology of Microorganisms (3) and lab (1)

    * Students who choose BOT 2011C to fulfill the foundation requirements may not use BOT 2011C to fulfill the biodiversity breadth requirements for the major.

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    Critical Tracking

    Equivalent critical-tracking courses as determined by the State of Florida Common Course Prerequisites may be used for transfer students.

    Semester 1

    • Complete 1 of 5 critical-tracking courses, including lab: BSC 2010/2010L or BOT 2010C, BSC 2011/2011L or BOT 2011C, CHM 2045/2045L, CHM 2046/2046L, MAC 2311
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 2

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 3

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs, with a 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 4

    • Complete 1 additional critical-tracking course, including labs, with a 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required

    Semester 5

    • Complete all 5 critical-tracking courses, including labs, with a 2.5 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
    • 2.0 UF GPA required
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    Recommended Semester Plan

    To graduate with this major, students must complete all university, college and major requirements.

    Students are expected to complete the writing requirement while in the process of taking the courses below. Students are also expected to complete the general education international (GE-N) and diversity (GE-D) requirements concurrently with another general education requirement (typically, GE-C, H or S).

    Semester 1 Credits
    CHM 2045 AND 2045L General Chemistry 1 (3) and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory (1) (State Core GE-B/P) 4
    IUF 1000 What is the Good Life (GE-H)​ 3​
    MAC 2311 Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1 (State Core GE-M) 4
    Composition (State Core GE-C) (WR) 3
    Elective (BSC 1920 First Year Introduction: Biology at UF recommended) 1
    Total 15
    Semester 2 Credits
    ​AEC 3033C Research and Business Writing in Agricultural and Life Sciences (WR) 3​​
    BSC 2010 and 2010L Integrated Principles of Biology 1 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 1 Laboratory (1) (GE-B) or
    BOT 2010C Introductory Botany (GE-B)
    3-4
    CHM 2046 and 2046L General Chemistry 2 (3) and General Chemistry 2 Laboratory (1) (GE-P) 4
    Composition (GE-C) (WR) 3
    Social and Behavioral Sciences (State Core GE-S) 3
    Total 16-17
    Semester 3 Credits
    BSC 2011 and 2011L Integrated Principles of Biology 2 (3) and Integrated Principles of Biology 2 Laboratory (1) (GE-B) or
    BOT 2011C Plant Diversity (4) (GE-B)
    4
    CHM 2210 Organic Chemistry (GE-P) 3
    Humanities (State Core GE-H) 3
    Social and Behavioral Sciences (GE-S) 3
    Elective 2
    Total 15
    Semester 4 Credits
    ​AEC 3030C Effective Oral Communication 3​​
    ​CHM 2211 and 2211L Organic Chemistry 2 (3) and Organic Chemistry 2 Laboratory (2) 5​
    STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics 1 (GE-M) or
    COP 2800 Computer Programming Using JAVA or equivalent or
    COP 3275 Computer Programming Using C (GE-M) or equivalent or
    BSC 2891 Python Programming for Biology
    3
    Math (GE-M), if COP 2800 or BSC 2981 taken for computational requirement; or Elective 3
    Total 14
    Semester 5 Credits
    PCB 4043C General Ecology (4) or
    PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3) or
    BOT 3151C Local Flora (3) or
    BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)
    3-4
    ​PCB 4674 Evolution 4​​
    PHY 2054 and 2054L Physics 2 (4) and Physics 2 Laboratory (1) 5
    Humanities (GE-H) 3
    Total 15-16
    Semester 6 Credits
    BOT 2710 Practical Plant Taxonomy (GE-B) 3
    BOT 4935/5225C Plant anatomy (4) or
    PCB 3023 Essential Cell Biology (3) or
    BCH 4024 Introduction to Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (4)
    3-4
    Electives 6
    ​Foreign language 5​​
    Total 17-18
    Semester 7 Credits
    ​AEB 2014 - Economic Issues, Food and You or
    AEB 3103 Principles of Food and Resource Economics or
    ECO 2023 Principles of Microeconomics (GE-S)
    3-4​
    AGR 3303 Genetics (3) or PCB 3063 Genetics (4) 3-4
    ​​​BOT 4911 Undergraduate Research in Botany (2) and BSC 3911 Entering Research in Biology (1) 3​​
    PCB 4043C General Ecology (4) or
    PCB 3601C Plant Ecology (3) or
    BOT 3151C Local Flora (3) or
    BSC 3307 Climate Change Biology (4)
    3-4
    Total 12-15
    Semester 8 Credits
    BOT 3503 and 3503L Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants (3) and Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants Laboratory (2) 5
    BSC 4936 Critical Analysis of Biological Research 2
    Biodiversity breadth course 3-4
    Electives 6
    Total 16-17
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majors: botany