Bachelor of Science

Environmental Science is the study of people’s role in our natural systems. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the Environmental Science program approaches complex environmental issues across multiple perspectives. Environmental Science students study ecology, soil and water sciences, and natural resource management as well as environmental ethics, economics, policy, and law.

About this Program

To graduate with this major, students must complete all university, college, and major requirements.

School Information

The School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE) offers campus-wide, interdisciplinary degree programs at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. SNRE is governed by the SNRE Advisory Board and advised by the SNRE Faculty Advisory Council.


Email | 352.392.9230

P.O. Box 116455


The environmental science degree approaches complex environmental issues with reliable knowledge and interdisciplinary perspectives, and provides the full range of knowledge relevant to complex environmental problems. This includes biological and physical sciences, ethics, economics, policy and law.

The degree prepares graduates for jobs in environmental consulting companies, government environmental offices or land and water management agencies, or non-government organizations. About one-third of environmental science students advance to graduate or professional degree programs. The combination of the school's broad undergraduate degree with a subsequent degree is highly marketable.

The school also offers a combination-degree program offering a bachelor's degree in environmental science and a Master of Science in interdisciplinary ecology.

Core Requirements for Both Degrees

Students take a core of courses, including a general course in environmental science and courses in ethics, ecology, chemistry, earth science, global science, hydrologic systems, and policy and natural resource management.

The core provides 31-32 credits of coursework in physical, biological and social sciences. The B.S. and B.A. tracks are similar. The B.S. includes one course in policy and one in organic chemistry; the B.A. includes two policy courses and no organic chemistry.

Beyond the core requirement, each student selects 21-27 additional credits from electives for the major. During the fourth year, all students take a capstone course where critical thinking skills are developed.

The freshmen and sophomore years lay a foundation of coursework for building later expertise. Students need to know the natural sciences of physics, chemistry and biology, with laboratory experience in each area. Study of microeconomics and macroeconomics are required to understand the human economy. Introductory statistics empowers students to independently evaluate sets of numbers. College algebra and an introduction to calculus enable students to work with rates of change, the heart of ecological science.

Coursework in the core of the major provides a base of common knowledge and experience in subjects essential to environmental science. Then students diverge into electives chosen according to individual interest. Senior-year students return to a common course that develops critical-thinking skills by confronting conflicts of ecological and economic paradigms, synthesizing across physical, biological and social systems, and engaging diverse knowledge and views to help resolve key environmental problems.

The preprofessional courses for the Bachelor of Science prepare students for a more science-oriented major. The requirements for the Bachelor of Arts include less chemistry, physics and mathematics, in preparation for a major that is more focused on the sociopolitical aspects of environmental science.

Required Foundation Course
EVS 3000
Environmental Science
and Environmental Science Laboratory
Environmental Ethics
Select one:3
Agricultural and Natural Resource Ethics (Gen Ed Humanities or Social and Behavioral Sciences)
Ethics and Ecology (Gen Ed Humanities)
Environmental Ethics and Politics
Environmental Ethics (Gen Ed Humanities)
Religion Ethics and Nature (Gen Ed Humanities)
Select one:3-4
Agricultural Ecology
Forest Ecology (Gen Ed Biological Sciences)
Plant Ecology
General Ecology (Gen Ed Biological Sciences)
Organic Chemistry
Select one for the B.S.; B.A. select none:0-4
Elementary Organic and Biological Chemistry
Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry
Phase Partitioning in the Environment
Organic Chemistry 1
Earth and Soil Science
Select one:3-4
Physical Geography
and Physical Geography Laboratory (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Physical Geology (Gen Ed Physical Sciences, B.S. only)
Environmental and Engineering Geology (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Historical Geology (Gen Ed Physical Sciences; B.S. only)
Introduction to Soils in the Environment
and Introduction to Soils in the Environment Laboratory (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Soil, Water and Land Use (Gen Ed Physical Sciences) 1
Global Systems
Select one:3
Extreme Weather
Climatology (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Oceans and Global Climate Change
Introduction to Oceanography
Hydrologic Systems
Select one:3-4
Environmental Hydrology: Principles and Issues
Forest Water Resources
Principles of Geographic Hydrology (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Hydrogeology and Human Affairs
Water Resource Sustainability
Environmental Policy
Select one for the B.S.; B.A. select two:3-6
Agricultural and Natural Resource Law
International Development Policy (Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences)
Natural Resource Policy and Economics
Politics of the World Economy
International Institutions (Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences and International)
Natural Resource Management
Select one:3
Environment, Food and Society
Agricultural and Environmental Quality
Energy and Environment (Gen Ed Physical Sciences; B.A. only)
Introduction to Fishery Science
Forests, Conservation and People
Foundations of Natural Resources and Conservation
Forest Economics and Management (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
Park Management
Principles of Plant Science
Soil, Water and Land Use (Gen Ed Physical Sciences) 1
Special Topics in Soil and Water Science (Forest and Soil Ecosystem Services)
Required Capstone Course
EVS 4021Critical Thinking in Environmental Science3
Total Credits28-38

Preprofessional Requirements for Both Degrees

Each student must fulfill preprofessional requirements that differ slightly for the B.S. and B.A. degrees. These consist of courses in chemistry, physics, biology, calculus, statistics and economics, totaling 39-46 (typically 43) credits for the B.S. and 31-39 (typically 34) credits for the B.A.

In addition to the preprofessional requirements, all students are responsible for completing the university's general education and the writing requirement.

Certain preprofessional requirements simultaneously satisfy 18-21 credits (depending on courses selected) of the general education mathematics, physics, biology, and social and behavioral science. Remaining general education requirements include 15-18 credits (depending on preprofessional courses taken) in composition, humanities and social and behavioral sciences.

The 12 credits of writing requirements include 3-12 credits taken for general education and preprofessional requirements, depending on selections. The six credits of math requirements are satisfied by preprofessional requirements.

For efficiency, freshmen should seek to maximize overlap of preprofessional requirements with general education and the writing requirement, as outlined below:

  • Science preprofessional requirements satisfy up to 12 credits of physical and biological sciences (the basic nine-credit requirement plus the variable three credits from a category). Students should allocate the variable three credits to physical and biological sciences to reduce the humanities requirement from nine to six credits.
  • Economics preprofessional requirements satisfy up to eight of the nine-credit social and behavioral sciences requirement (eight if satisfied with ECO 2013 and ECO 2023; four if satisfied with AEB 3103).
  • Policy preprofessional requirement (POS 2041) for B.A. students satisfies the remaining social and behavioral sciences requirement. B.S. students can satisfy the remaining social and behavioral sciences requirement with certain core courses, under ethics (AEB 4126) and policy.
  • Satisfying the preceding requirements leaves 18 credits: six for humanities, three for composition and nine for writing.
  • Students should take humanities, composition and writing courses that also satisfy the three-credit international studies requirement, such as LIT 2110 or LIT 2120, and the three-credit diversity requirement with a REL 2388 or WST 2611 overlap.

Bachelor of Science

The Bachelor of Science degree in environmental science emphasizes the applied sciences and the basic sciences from which they derive. The track is designed to prepare for employment or for graduate or professional school.

Elective courses required beyond the core requirements are distributed among four categories: physical sciences, biological sciences, human dimensions and additional skills and concepts. For advice on choice of electives, consult the advisor in 103 Black Hall. Students pursuing the Bachelor of Science who want more environmental policy electives can substitute them for the courses in human dimensions.

Courses taken to fulfill the core requirements cannot fulfill elective requirements. Students can substitute graduate courses for electives, with approval of the school and permission of the instructor. To substitute a 5000-level course or higher, the student must have senior standing and a junior/senior-level GPA of at least 3.0.

Critical Tracking records each student’s progress in courses that are required for progress toward each major. Please note the critical-tracking requirements below on a per-semester basis.

Equivalent critical-tracking courses as determined by the State of Florida Common Course Prerequisites may be used for transfer students.

Semester 1

Semester 2

  • Complete 3 additional courses of the 11 critical-tracking courses, excluding labs
  • 2.0 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

Semester 3

  • Complete 3 additional critical-tracking courses, excluding labs
  • 2.0 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

Semester 4

  • Complete 3 additional critical-tracking courses, excluding labs
  • 2.0 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

Semester 5

  • Complete all 11 critical-tracking courses, including labs
  • 2.0 GPA required for all critical-tracking courses
  • 2.0 UF GPA required
  • 2.0 upper division GPA required

Semester 6

  • Complete at least 2 core classes
  • 2.0 upper division GPA required
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

Semester 7

  • Complete EVS 4021 (capstone)
  • 2.0 upper division GPA required
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

Semester 8

  • Complete the remaining core classes
  • 2.0 upper division GPA required
  • 2.0 UF GPA required

To remain on track, students must complete the appropriate critical-tracking courses, which appear in bold. These courses must be completed by the terms as listed above in the Critical Tracking criteria.

This semester plan represents an example progression through the major. Actual courses and course order may be different depending on the student's academic record and scheduling availability of courses. Prerequisites still apply.

Plan of Study Grid
Semester OneCredits
Quest 1 (Gen Ed Humanities) 3
CHM 2045
General Chemistry 1
and General Chemistry 1 Laboratory (Critical Tracking; State Core Gen Ed Biological and Physical Sciences) 1
MAC 2311 Analytic Geometry and Calculus 1 (Critical Tracking; State Core Gen Ed Mathematics) 2 4
Gen Ed Composition (according to placement) 3
Semester Two
Quest 2 3
CHM 2046
General Chemistry 2
and General Chemistry 2 Laboratory (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Physical Sciences)
MAC 2312 Analytic Geometry and Calculus 2 (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Mathematics) 2 4
STA 2023 Introduction to Statistics 1 (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Mathematics) 3 3
Elective 2
Semester Three
BSC 2010
Integrated Principles of Biology 1
and Integrated Principles of Biology Laboratory 1 (Critical Tracking; State Core Gen Ed Biological and Physical Sciences)
ECO 2013 Principles of Macroeconomics (Critical Tracking; State Core Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences) 4
PHY 2004
Applied Physics 1
and Laboratory for Applied Physics 1 (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Biological Sciences and Physical Sciences) 3
State Core Gen Ed Humanities with Diversity or International 3
Semester Four
BSC 2011
Integrated Principles of Biology 2
and Integrated Principles of Biology Laboratory 2 (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Biological Sciences and Physical Sciences)
Select one: 4
Principles of Microeconomics (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences)  
Elective (Critical Tracking)
PHY 2005
Applied Physics 2
and Laboratory for Applied Physics 2 (Critical Tracking; Gen Ed Biological Sciences and Physical Sciences) 3
State Core Gen Ed Composition 3
Semester Five
EVS 3000
Environmental Science
and Environmental Science Laboratory
Ecology elective 4 3-4
Environmental ethics elective 4 3
Environmental policy elective 4 3-4
Organic chemistry elective 4 3-4
Semester Six
Earth and soil science elective 4 3-4
Global systems elective 4 3
Hydrologic systems elective 4 3-4
Natural resource management elective 4 3
Elective for the major 4 3
Semester Seven
EVS 4021 Critical Thinking in Environmental Science (Critical Tracking) 3
Elective 3
Electives for the major 4 9
Semester Eight
Biological sciences elective 4 3
Human dimensions elective 3
Physical sciences elective 4 3
Electives for the major (if needed) 5
 Total Credits120

Students preparing for science modeling in graduate school should take MAP 2302 as an elective.

Select According to Concentrations

No Concentration | 21 credits

Physical Sciences: Select 3-12 credits3-12
Biological Sciences: Select 3-12 credits3-12
Human Dimensions: Select 3-9 credits3-9
Additional Skills and Concepts: Select 3-12 credits3-12

Preprofessional Concentration | 9 courses | 22-25 Credits

This concentration includes chemistry and biology courses needed for admission into medical or veterinary school.

Biological Sciences
BCH 4024Introduction to Biochemistry and Molecular Biology4
PCB 3713CCellular and Systems Physiology4
or PCB 4723C Physiology and Molecular Biology of Animals
MCB 3020
Basic Biology of Microorganisms
and Laboratory for Basic Biology of Microorganisms
AGR 3303Genetics3-4
or PCB 3063 Genetics
Additional Skills and Concepts
CHM 2210Organic Chemistry 13
CHM 2211Organic Chemistry 23
CHM 2211LOrganic Chemistry Laboratory2

Master Lists

Physical Sciences

ALS 3133Agricultural and Environmental Quality3
AOM 4643Environmental Hydrology: Principles and Issues (Gen Ed Physical Sciences)3
EMA 3010Materials3
ENV 4101Elements of Atmospheric Pollution3
FNR 4343CForest Water Resources3
GEO 3250Climatology 13
GEO 3280Principles of Geographic Hydrology 14
GLY 2100CHistorical Geology 14
GLY 3074Oceans and Global Climate Change3
GLY 3200CPrinciples of Mineralogy4
GLY 3603CPaleontology4
GLY 4155CGeology of Florida3
GLY 4552CSedimentary Geology4
GLY 4734Coastal Morphology and Processes3
MET 3503Weather and Forecasting3
SWS 3022
Introduction to Soils in the Environment
and Introduction to Soils in the Environment Laboratory 1
SWS 4223Environmental Biogeochemistry3
SWS 4231CSoil, Water and Land Use3
SWS 4245Water Resource Sustainability 13
SWS 4602CSoil Physics3
SWS 4715CEnvironmental Pedology4

Biological Sciences

AGR 4231CForage Science and Range Management4
ALS 3153Agricultural Ecology3
AOM 4932Special Topics in Agricultural Operations Management (Introduction to Biofuels)3
BOT 2710CPractical Plant Taxonomy3
BOT 3151CLocal Flora of North Florida3
EES 4102Wastewater Microbiology2
EES 4401Public Health Engineering3
ENV 4351Solid and Hazardous Waste Management4
ENY 3005
Principles of Entomology
and Principles of Entomology Laboratory
ENY 4161Insect Classification3
EVR 3323Introduction to Ecosystem Restoration4
FAS 4305CIntroduction to Fishery Science 13
FAS 4405Aquariums, Water and Aquaculture3
FNR 3131CDendrology/Forest Plants3
FNR 4623CIntegrated Natural Resource Management 13
FOR 3153CForest Ecology3
FOR 3214Fire Ecology and Management2
FOR 3214LFire Ecology and Management Laboratory1
FOR 3342CTree Biology3
FOS 3042Introductory Food Science3
FOS 4202Food Safety and Sanitation2
MCB 2000
and Microbiology Laboratory
MCB 3020
Basic Biology of Microorganisms
and Laboratory for Basic Biology of Microorganisms
NEM 3002Principles of Nematology3
ORH 3513CEnvironmental Plant Identification and Use3
PLP 3002CFundamentals of Plant Pathology4
PLS 3004CPrinciples of Plant Science3
SWS 4303CSoil Microbial Ecology3
WIS 3401Wildlife Ecology and Management3
WIS 4203CLandscape Ecology and Conservation3
WIS 4443CWetland Wildlife Ecology4
WIS 4554Conservation Biology3
ZOO 4205CInvertebrate Biodiversity4
ZOO 4307CVertebrate Biodiversity4
ZOO 4403CMarine Biology (counts as one or two courses)4
ZOO 4472CAvian Biology4

Human Dimensions

AEB 3450Introduction to Natural Resource and Environmental Economics3
AEB 4242International Trade Policy in Agriculture (Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences)3
AEB 4283International Development Policy 13
ALS 3133Agricultural and Environmental Quality3
AMH 4930History Research Seminar: US (Florida Environmental History)3
ANT 3141Development of World Civilization3
ANT 3514CIntroduction to Biological Anthropology4
ANT 4403Environment and Cultural Behavior3
BUL 4310The Legal Environment of Business4
EES 4050Environmental Planning and Design3
EES 4316Industrial Ecology3
ENV 4601Environmental Resources Management2
FOR 3004Forests, Conservation and People 13
FOR 3202Society and Natural Resources3
FOR 4060Global Forests3
FOR 4621Forest Economics and Management 14
FOR 4664Sustainable Ecotourism Development3
FOS 4731Government Regulations and the Food Industry2
FYC 3401Introduction to Social and Economic Perspectives on the Community3
GEO 2500Global and Regional Economies3
GEO 3315Geography of Crop Plants3
GEO 3352The Human Footprint on Landscape3
GEO 3372Conservation of Resources3
GEO 3430Population Geography3
GEO 3502Economic Geography3
GEO 4554Regional Development3
INR 4035Rich and Poor Nations in the International System3
INR 4350International Environmental Relations3
LEI 3120Introduction to Outdoor Recreation and Parks3
LEI 3546Park Management3
LEI 4321Ecotourism3
MAN 3025Principles of Management4
PLP 2000Plants, Plagues and People3
POS 2041American Federal Government3
POS 4931Special Topics (Florida Environmental Politics)3
POS 4931Special Topics (Environmental Politics in the Global South)3
POT 3503Environmental Ethics and Politics3
PUP 4224Florida Environmental Politics3
SWS 4550Soils, Water and Public Health3
SWS 4932Special Topics in Soil and Water Science (Florida Lake Management)3
SWS 4932Special Topics in Soil and Water Science (Forest and Soil Ecosystem Services)3
URP 4000Preview of Urban and Regional Planning3
WIS 2040Wildlife Issues in a Changing World3
WIS 4523Human Dimensions of Natural Resource Conservation3

Additional Skills and Concepts | Biology

AGR 3303Genetics3
BSC 3096Human Physiology3
PCB 3063Genetics4
PCB 4674Evolution4
PCB 4723CPhysiology and Molecular Biology of Animals4

Business Administration

ACG 2021Introduction to Financial Accounting4
AEB 3133Principles of Agribusiness Management3
AEB 3144Introduction to Agricultural Finance3
AEB 3300Agricultural and Food Marketing3
AEB 4343International Agribusiness Marketing (Gen Ed Social and Behavioral Sciences)3
FIN 3403Business Finance4
MAN 3025Principles of Management4
MAR 3023Principles of Marketing4


BCH 3025Fundamentals of Biochemistry4
BCH 4024Introduction to Biochemistry and Molecular Biology4
CHM 2200LFundamentals of Organic Chemistry Laboratory1
CHM 2210Organic Chemistry 13
CHM 2211
Organic Chemistry 2
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
CHM 3120Introduction to Analytical Chemistry3
CHM 3400Physical Chemistry for the Biosciences3
EES 4201Water Chemistry3


AEC 3030CEffective Oral Communication3
AEC 3033CResearch and Business Writing in Agricultural and Life Sciences (Writing Requirement)3
AEC 4905Individual Study (Gender, Environment, Agriculture and Participation)3


ENV 3040CComputational Methods in Environmental Engineering3
FNR 3410CNatural Resource Sampling3
MAC 2313Analytic Geometry and Calculus 34
MAP 2302Elementary Differential Equations3
MAS 3114Computational Linear Algebra3
MAS 4105Linear Algebra 14

Pest Management

AOM 3333Pesticide Application Techniques3
FOR 4624CForest Health Management3
IPM 3022Fundamentals of Pest Management3

Social Sciences

AEB 3103Principles of Food and Resource Economics4

Spatial Analysis

GEO 3162CIntroduction to Quantitative Analysis for Geographers4
GIS 3001CSpatial Maps and Graphs4
GIS 3043Foundations of Geographic Information Systems4
GIS 3072CGeographic Information Systems3
GIS 4021CAerial Photo Interpretation 13
SUR 3103CGeomatics 13
SUR 4380Remote Sensing 13
SWS 4720CGIS in Soil and Water Science3
URP 4273Survey of Planning Information Systems3

Environmental science is the science of humanity's role in natural systems, the basis of our economy. This program accesses courses university-wide and provides numerous opportunities for international study. Students will acquire reliable knowledge and interdisciplinary perspectives of complex environmental issues, gaining the full range of knowledge relevant to a professional understanding of complex environmental problems in the biological and physical sciences, ethics, economics, policy and law.

Before Graduating Students Must

  • Complete at least one course in each of the foundation areas.
  • Complete requirements for the baccalaureate degree, as determined by faculty.

Students in the Major Will Learn to

Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)


  1. Acquire knowledge and demonstrate understanding of basic terminology, concepts, methodologies and theories in the physical and biological sciences that describe environmental systems.
  2. Acquire knowledge of essential concepts in the social sciences that describe human activity in the environment.

Critical Thinking

  1. Apply the scientific method to develop reasoned solutions to environmental problems.


  1. Communicate knowledge, ideas and reasoning clearly, effectively and objectively in both written and oral forms.

Curriculum Map

I = Introduced; R = Reinforced; A = Assessed

Courses SLO 1 SLO 2 SLO 3 SLO 4
EVS 3000 and EVS 3000L I I I I
EVS 4021 A A A A
Earth and Soil Sciences R
Ecology R R R
Environmental Ethics R R R
Environmental Policy R R R
Global Systems R
Hydrologic Systems R
Human Dimensions R R R
Natural Resource Management R R R

Assessment Types

  • Oral presentation or written essay