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    Foreign Languages and Literatures
    College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

    General

    LIT 2000 Introduction to Literature
    Credits: 3. Prereq: ENC 1101
    Examines the important role literature has played in individuals' lives and in society, presenting a range of literary styles and genres, from different countries and historical periods. Special attention paid to development of critical skills of analysis and interpretation. (H)
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    African and Asian Languages and Literatures

    HUM 2420 African Humanities
    Credits: 3.
    A general education course similar in philosophy and purpose to the basic sequence. Content selected from the philosophies, literature, arts and music of various African countries and regions. (H and N)
    HUM 2424 African Cultures and Literatures
    Credits: 3.
    A culturally based study of folktales, proverbs, drama, poetry and novels; and how these forms are used to portray African arts and ideas. (H and N)
    SSA 3730 Language in African Society
    Credits: 3.
    The role of language in the development of African societies. Language and nation building. (S and N)
    SSA 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: department permission.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course.
    SSA 4930 Special Topics in African Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in African studies.
    SST 2501 African Elements in the Americas
    Credits: 3.
    Traces African influence in the Americas from the arrival of Africans on the continent until the present.
    SST 4502 African Oral Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: instructor permission.
    An overview of African oral literature, introduces methodological and theoretical problems, and examines the sociopolitical and cultural relevance of the literature.
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    Akan Language

    AKA 1130 Beginning Akan 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    AKA 1131 Beginning Akan 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: AKA 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    AKA 2200 Intermediate Akan 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AKA 1131 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    AKA 2201 Intermediate Akan 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AKA 2200 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study.
    AKA 3410 Advanced Akan 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AKA 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    AKA 3411 Advanced Akan 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AKA 3410 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study.
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    Amharic Language

    AHM 1130 Beginning Amharic 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
    AHM 1131 Beginning Amharic 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: AHM 1130 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    AHM 2200 Intermediate Amharic 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AHM 1131 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    AHM 2201 Intermediate Amharic 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AHM 2200 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study.
    AHM 3410 Advanced Amharic 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AHM 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    AHM 3411 Advanced Amharic 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: AHM 3410 with minimum grade of C or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study.
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    Arabic Language and Literature

    ABT 3130 Arabic Literary Heritage 1
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits.
    A survey of classical Arabic literature in translation. Covers pre-Islamic poetry and early Islamic poetry, Omayyad, Abbasid and Andalusian literatures. All readings in English. (H and N) (WR)
    ABT 3500 Arabic Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to Arabic culture with special reference to art, literature, religion and society. Emphasis on Arab contributions to philosophy, medicine, mathematics and architecture. All readings in English. (H and N) (WR)
    ABT 4131 The Qur'an as Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 1131 or ABT 3500 or REL2000 or REL2362 or REL 4361 or Senior Standing.
    Approaches the Qur'an from a literary standpoint by examining its history, structure, style, major themes, and impact on Arabic literature, Islamic thought, and Muslim culture.
    ARA 1130 Beginning Arabic 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
    ARA 1131 Beginning Arabic 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: ARA 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    ARA 2220 Intermediate Arabic 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: ARA 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of the study of standard Arabic language. Develops reading, writing, listening and speaking skills and helps with comprehension of written and audio texts. Students can use their knowledge of the Arabic language to clearly express their personal views in a meaningful and well-structured language.
    ARA 2221 Intermediate Arabic 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: ARA 2220 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continues the study of Arabic language at the intermediate level, building on ARA 2220. Emphasis is on developing reading comprehension, writing, listening and speaking, as well as vocabulary and grammar.
    ARA 2240 Spoken Arabic
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 1131.
    Develops listening and conversational skills at an intermediate level of proficiency. Focuses on a middle variety of Arabic known as Educated Spoken Arabic that enables successful communication with educated Arab speakers from virtually any country in the Arab world.
    ARA 3410 Advanced Arabic 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 2221 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    ARA 3411 Advanced Arabic 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 3410 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study.
    ARA 3510 The Arab Woman
    Credits: 3.
    Examines the role and status of Arab women in their respective societies; specifically examines the internal dynamic of Arab culture that influences the role of the Arab woman. (H and N OR S and N) (WR)
    ARA 4400 Fourth Year Arabic 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 3411 or the equivalent.
    Development to an advanced level of speaking, hearing, reading and writing of spoken and mass communication and literary Arabic. (H and N)
    ARA 4401 Fourth Year Arabic 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 4400 or the equivalent.
    Continuation of ARA 4400. Development of a more advanced level of speaking, hearing, reading and writing of spoken and mass communication and literary Arabic. (H and N)
    ARA 4420 Arabic through the Texts
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits. Prereq: ARA 3411 or the equivalent.
    For advanced students of Arabic. Teaches the more complex grammar, idiomatic expressions and sophisticated stylistic forms of the language. Required for the Arabic minor.
    ARA 4822 Arabic Sociolinguistics
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ARA 1131 or LIN 3010.
    Focus on the relationship between language and society in the Arab world. An examination of the different varieties of Arabic and the relation between linguistic variation and other social variables, such as ethnicity, religion, urbanization, social class, gender, power and ideology.
    ARA 4850 Structure of Standard Arabic
    Credits: 3. Prereq: ARA 1131 or LIN 3010.
    Describes and analyzes the sound system, word structure, and sentence structure of Arabic.
    ARA 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: instructor permission.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course.
    ARA 4930 Special Topics
    Credits: 3; Prereq: one year of Hebrew or equivalent, one year of Arabic or equivalent, LIN 3010 or equivalent, or instructor permission.
    One of the core courses in the Middle Eastern languages and cultures major offered through interdisciplinary studies. Also useful for students in linguistics, religion, Arabic, Hebrew and Jewish studies.
    ARA 4956 Overseas Studies 1
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
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    Chinese Language and Literature

    CHI 1130 Beginning Chinese 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Materials are designed for learners with no prior exposure to the language. Those with native background or education for four years or more in a Chinese speaking country must take a placement test before enrolling in any Chinese language class.
    CHI 1131 Beginning Chinese 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: CHI 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    CHI 2230 Intermediate Chinese 1
    Credits: 5; Prereq: CHI 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    CHI 2231 Intermediate Chinese 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: CHI 2230 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    CHI 2340 Chinese for Heritage Learners 1
    Credits: 4.
    For those with significant bilingual speaking and listening backgrounds. Emphasis is on recognition of the characters and writing, and pronunciation and speaking.
    CHI 2341 Chinese for Heritage Learners 2
    Credits: 4.
    To consolidate the foundation built in Chinese for Heritage Learners 1, to expand vocabulary and to introduce more complex grammatical structures. Emphasis is on reading and writing. Those who successfully complete CHI 2341 are eligible for CHI 3410.
    CHI 3403 Chinese Calligraphy
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 2231, JPN 2231, CHI 3410, JPN 3410, CHI 3411, JPN 3411, CHW 4120, CHW 4130, CHW 4140, JPW 4130, JPW 4131, or instructor permission.
    Introductory study of the origin, composition, development, variations and aesthetic styles of Chinese characters with laboratory sessions for appreciating and practicing calligraphic skills. (H and N)
    CHI 3410 Advanced Chinese 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 2231 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures. (S and N)
    CHI 3411 Advanced Chinese 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 3410 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures. (S and N)
    CHI 3440 Business Chinese
    Credits: 3; Prereq: completion of second-year Chinese required, or by permission.
    Development of language skills and protocol issues used in Chinese business environments. Acquire vocabulary, phrases, and sentence patterns essential for business transactions and develop oral presentations, business cards, and resumes.
    CHI 4850 Structure of Chinese
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 1131 with minimum grade of C or LIN 3010, or instructor permission.
    Introduction to phonological, grammatical and discourse structures of Mandarin Chinese, with an emphasis on its contrastive aspects with the English language. (S and N)
    CHI 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; can be repeated with a change in content up to 10 credits.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course. Includes all individual study courses offered by the Chinese section.
    CHI 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language or Linguistics
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Language or Linguistics. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Language or Linguistics.
    CHI 4930 Special Topics in Chinese Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in Chinese studies.
    CHI 4935 Senior Thesis
    Credits: 3; Prereq: minimum 3.5 GPA and instructor permission.
    Select a Chinese faculty member to act as director for an independent research project that culminates in the preparation of an honors thesis.
    CHI 4940 Internship
    Credits: 1 to 6; can be repeated with a change in content.
    Gain practical experience that enhances classroom learning.
    CHT 3110 Chinese Literary Heritage
    Credits: 3.
    Introduces pre-modern Chinese literature in translation. Topics chosen from classical poetry, short stories, novels and drama. Emphasis is on the interplay between orthodox values and the folk tradition. All readings in English. (H and N) (WR)
    CHT 3123 Pre-Modern Chinese Fiction in Translation
    Credits: 3.
    Pre-modern Chinese narrative from its philosophical and historical origins to the fiction at the turn of the 20th century. Emphasizes the 16th and 17th centuries when Chinese vernacular fiction flourished. (H and N)
    CHT 3124 Modern Chinese Fiction in Translation
    Credits: 3.
    A survey of modern Chinese fiction in translation. Samples are from the early 20th century through the contemporary era and include writers of the early Republic, the P.R.C. and Taiwan. Focus is on fiction as a vehicle for social change. All readings in English. (H and N) (WR)
    CHT 3391 Chinese Film and Media
    Credits: 4; Prereq: One prior course with ENG, CHI, CHT or CHW prefix, or instructor permission.
    Examination of Chinese cinema and other forms of media such as television, music and print culture in a broad sociopolitical and historical context. An interdisciplinary approach with a diversity of readings and multimedia tools incorporated into discussions.
    CHT 3500 Chinese Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to Chinese culture with emphasis on its philosophy, language, society, art and people as a whole. All readings in English. (H and N)
    CHT 3513 Taoism and Chinese Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to the general history and culture of Taoism in ancient and modern China: its thoughts, belief systems, cultural influences, practices and rituals.
    CHT 3523 Hong Kong, Taiwan & the New Global Cinema
    Credits: 4; can be repeated up to 8 credits; Prereq: CHI 1130, ENG 1400, ENG 2300, or instructor permission.
    Overview of Sinophone film in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the broader sphere of Chinese diaspora. Addresses film history, culture, and aesthetics.
    CHT 3524 Animation in China
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 1130, CHT 3110, CHT 3123, CHT 3124, CHT 3391, CHI 3403, CHI 3440, CHT 3500, or CHT 3513; or instructor permission.
    Explores the history of Chinese animation from the 1930s until today. Focuses on the Shanghai Animation Film Studio, largest producer of Chinese animation from the 1950s to the 1980s. Combines instructor lectures with viewings and analyses of selected films and critical texts.
    CHT 4111 Dream of the Red Chamber
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 3500 or CHT 3110, or instructor permission.
    Explores the intellectual and social life of traditional China through the 18th century epic novel, Story of the Stone. Also studies interpretive theories of the novel, both Chinese and Western. All readings are in English. (H and N OR S and N) (WR)
    CHT 4122 Religious Dimensions of Late Imperial Chinese Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: instructor permission; Coreq: CHI 3500 recommended.
    Religious themes, sentiments and assumptions in late imperial Chinese literature in translation.
    CHT 4603 Journey to the West
    Credits: 3; Prereq: one course in Chinese culture or instructor permission.
    Exploration of traditional Chinese religious culture, cultural history and literacy expression through a 100 chapter novel known as Journey to the West, or Monkey.
    CHT 4911 Undergraduate Research in English Translation
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in English Translation. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in English Translation.
    CHW 4120 Classical Chinese 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 2231 with minimum grade of C or instructor permission.
    Introduction to classical Chinese prose with texts drawn mainly from early histories and philosophical writings (500 BC - AD 100). Emphasis on reading comprehension, grammar analysis and translation.
    CHW 4121 Classical Chinese 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHW 4120 or instructor permission.
    Continuation of CHW 4120 focusing on classical Chinese prose with texts drawn from early historical and philosophical texts to belles lettres of the medieval era and later periods. Emphasis on reading comprehension, grammar analysis and translation.
    CHW 4130 Readings in Chinese Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 3410 or the equivalent.
    Introduces advanced language students to a sampling of Chinese writers. Materials chosen from classic or modern/contemporary Chinese literature rotated across semesters. All readings in Chinese. (H and N)
    CHW 4140 Newspaper Chinese
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHI 3410 or instructor permission.
    Development of ability to understand and translate the documentary prose style used in Chinese newspapers and academic journals. Introduces literary function words and grammar structures, with comparison to the vernacular. Most readings in the simplified character form used in the PRC; all readings in Chinese. Applications for research on modern China.
    CHW 4150 Translation: Chinese to English
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CHW 4130 or CHW 4140 or instructor permission.
    A practical study of Chinese to English translation. Practice translating several types of language, including technical, legal, and literary writing.
    CHW 4911 Undergraduate Research in Target Language
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Target Language. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Target Language.
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    Czech Language and Culture

    CZE 1130 Introduction to Czech Language and Culture 1
    Credits: 5.
    CZE 1130 and its sequel, CZE 1131, offer a comprehensive introduction to Czech, using interactive methods to develop competence in speaking, listening, reading, writing and cultural interaction.
    CZE 1131 Introduction to Czech Language and Culture 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: CZE 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of series. A comprehensive introduction to Czech, using interactive methods to develop competence in speaking, listening, reading, writing and cultural interaction.
    CZE 2200 Intermediate Czech 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CZE 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Builds reading and writing skills while continuing to develop conversational ability and listening comprehension. Using a communicative approach, provides an overview of Czech grammar.
    CZE 2201 Intermediate Czech 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: CZE 2200 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study. Goal is to further develop speaking, listening, reading and writing skills.
    CZT 3564 Modern Czech Culture and Society
    Credits: 3.
    Overview of Czech literature, film, music, pop culture and visual arts as they were shaped by the events from 1918 to the present. (H and N)
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    Dutch Language

    The 10-credit language requirement can be fulfilled by the sequence DUT 1130 and 1131.

    DUT 1130 Beginning Dutch 1
    Credits: 5.
    DUT 1130 and its sequel, DUT 1131, constitute the basic sequence in Dutch for the development of overall skill in the language. Open to those with little or no background in Dutch.
    DUT 1131 Beginning Dutch 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: DUT 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of the basic sequence in Dutch for the development of overall skill in the language. Open to those with little or no background in Dutch.
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    French Language, Literature and Culture

    FRE 1130 Beginning French 1
    Credits: 5.
    FRE 1130 and its sequel, FRE 1131, constitute the basic sequence in French for the development of overall skill in the language. Open to those with little or no background in French.
    FRE 1131 Beginning French 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: FRE 1130 or FRE 1180 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test score.
    Continuation of the basic sequence in French for the development of overall skill in the language. Open to those with little or no background in French.
    FRE 1134 Accelerated French Review
    Credits: 5; Prereq: Two years of high school French or equivalent.
    Provides a rapid review of basic communicative French as preparation for intermediate French. For those with previous French study but insufficient placement scores to move to the 2000 level.
    FRE 1180 Elementary French: Review and Progress
    Credits: 3.
    For those who have previous experience in French but who are not yet prepared for advanced elementary work in the language. FRE 1180 confirms overall language skill in preparation for FRE 1131.
    FRE 1182 Preparation for Intermediate French
    Credits: 3; Prereq: not for those with credit for FRE 1180 or FRE 1115.
    Alternative to FRE 1131 for those who have had four years of high school French or equivalent, but whose placement scores are not high enough for FRE 2200. Combines the material of FRE 1130 and 1131 in one semester. Meets three times per week. FRE 2200 follows in the sequence.
    FRE 2220 Intermediate French 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: FRE 1131 or FRE 1182.
    Devoted to grammar review and composition as well as to the advancement of spoken proficiency, FRE 2220 and its sequel, FRE 2221, develop reading and writing skills in French.
    FRE 2221 Intermediate French 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: FRE 2200.
    Continued grammar review. Emphasizes practice in reading and developing vocabulary. Selected readings in French and Francophone fiction.
    FRE 2242 Intermediate French Conversation 1
    Credits: 2; Coreq: FRE 2200.
    Develops conversational skills.
    FRE 2243 Intermediate French Conversation 2
    Credits: 2.
    Continuation of series to develop conversational skills. (H and N)
    FRE 2274 Intensive French Abroad
    Credits: 6; Prereq: FRE 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test score.
    An immersion language course integrating the experience, observations and impressions of students living abroad with a French family (site announced annually). Emphasis on development of language proficiency and cultural awareness. Class meets 12 hours a week. Enhances speaking, reading, writing proficiency and the ability to communicate with native speakers.
    FRE 3070 Accelerated Introduction to French
    Credits: 5.
    An accelerated introduction to French. Assumes no previous knowledge of French. Offers a four-skill introduction to the language for those who have completed intermediate level study in another Romance language.
    FRE 3224 Applied French
    Credits: 1 to 5; can be repeated with a change in content up to 5 credits. Prereq: FRE 2242 or instructor permission; 3 credits can count toward the major or minor.
    French-language reading and discussion section designed to accompany and complement areas of diverse content offered in other departments. Readings and discussions are in French to develop specific vocabulary and fluency related to the content of the companion course, as well as to provide an international perspective on the issues of the main course. (N)
    FRE 3300 Grammar and Composition
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2274 or AP score of 5, IB score of 6 or SAT2 score of 700 and above. First course of major sequence.
    Systematic examination of French grammar. Practice of writing at several levels (summary of texts, descriptions, compositions). Textual analysis of literary and journalistic materials.
    FRE 3320 Composition and Stylistics
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3300 or the equivalent.
    Develops advanced writing skills through the stylistic study of literary and journalistic texts. Writing assignments focus on development of a variety of skills, including summaries, literary analyses, argumentative essays, etc. Aspects of French grammar are highlighted along with analytical terms and key vocabulary from texts.
    FRE 3410 French Conversation and Interaction
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2221.
    Develops and refines oral and comprehension skills relating to different domains. New vocabulary ranging from the colloquial to the most refined of discourses enables students to recognize and use words and expressions in the proper context; material enables students to move from discussions about themselves to situations they are likely to encounter in daily life abroad, through interviewing techniques and professional interaction.
    FRE 3440 Commercial French
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    Introduction to business practices in France with particular emphasis on active use of business vocabulary and salient cultural differences. Major topics include written business communication, financial institutions, trade and advertising. (S and N)
    FRE 3442 Contemporary French Commerce
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3300 or instructor permission.
    Continues the acquisition of business language with special attention paid to technical readings, marketing, case studies and the role of France in the European Union. Emphasis is also placed on oral communication skills and contrasting U.S. and French business culture.
    FRE 3500 France through the Ages
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    A study of France within context of the principal historical events that have formed and transformed the nation state, its mentality and its cultural production. Special attention is given to the significant political, intellectual, religious, social and artistic currents that have marked France and its image from ancient times to the present. (H and N)
    FRE 3502 Francophone Cultures
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    A study of the cultures of countries or regions where French is used as the (or one of the) official language(s) or, in a less official capacity, by a segment of the population. Study of some of the historical, conceptual, practical and problematic aspects of Francophonie. Also concentrates on one specific area (the Caribbean or West Africa or Quebec, etc., on a rotating basis). Literary samples are included. (H and N)
    FRE 3564 Contemporary French Culture
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    An overview of contemporary France that may include the study of politics, economics, education and the arts as well as ideas of national and ethnic identity and France's place in the EU. (H and N)
    FRE 3780L Corrective Phonetics
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2221 or the equivalent.
    A survey of the units of speech cast in practical terms and organized by classes of sounds with particular emphasis on rhythm, vowels, nasalization, diphthongs and the complex phenomena that occur at word transitions in French. Taught in French, in an audio laboratory, with the instructor as monitor and with a manual designed for individualized instruction.
    FRE 4411 French for Proficiency
    Credits: 2; Prereq: FRE 3410 or the equivalent.
    Oral practice with emphasis on the structure of oral communication and oral presentation. Learn to utilize organizational frames, highlight transitions and make oral reports clear and accessible. Speech acts and alternative options in communication are given ample attention. Especially useful to those planning to use French in a variety of professions.
    FRE 4420 Writing in French
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 or instructor permission.
    Advanced writing course that provides a systematic study (or review) of French syntax, vocabulary and style with the help of drill sessions. Also may include some training in literary translation. A number of quizzes and written compositions.
    FRE 4501 The French Language in the Americas
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320.
    Examination of the presence of French in the Americas. Topics covered include: the origin of French in the Americas, language practices of Francophone communities, linguistic characteristics of the varieties of French, the effect of language contact on language behavior and representations and identity issues. Focus varies from year to year.
    FRE 4780 Introduction to French Phonetics and Phonology
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320; LIN 3010 recommended.
    An introduction to French phonological processes, providing explanatory evidence for the production of speech sounds, for the classification of sounds, for their interrelationship with one another (gliding, nasalization, assimilation), for morphological and syllable structure, for specifically French phenomena such as liaison, elision, final consonant drop, schwa drop, and for the relationship of morphology to phonology, especially in the verb system.
    FRE 4822 Sociolinguistics of French
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320; LIN 3010 recommended.
    Sociolinguistic issues in the French-speaking world: language variation, discourse analysis, attitudes toward varieties of French and contact with speakers of other languages.
    FRE 4850 Introduction to the Structure of French
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320; LIN 3010 recommended.
    Explores the French language as a system of communication and mental representation. Analyzes the morphological, syntactic and semantic aspects of contemporary French, and emphasizes the historical, psychological and sociological dimension of linguistic investigation.
    FRE 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 4; can be repeated with a change in content. Prereq: department permission; only three credits can count toward the minor or major.
    For advanced major and minors who seek independent work not offered in another course. Must be arranged individually with French faculty.
    FRE 4906 Honors Thesis
    Credits: 1 to 3; can be repeated with a change in content. Prereq: 3.5 minimum GPA.
    Directed research leading to a 30-40 page essay on a topic approved by the thesis director; registration for two semesters is highly recommended. Not a substitute for a required course in the French major.
    FRE 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language or Linguistics
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Language or Linguistics. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Language or Linguistics.
    FRE 4930 Revolving Topics in French Studies
    Credits: 1 to 5; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits. Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in French studies.
    FRE 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 1 to 18; can be repeated with a change in content up to 18 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    FRT 2460 French Texts and Contexts
    Credits: 3.
    Selected readings in English translation of major works of French literature. For those with no knowledge of French, not for credit in the major. (H and N) (WR)
    FRT 2930 Special Topics in French Literature and Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Rotating topics in French literature and culture; taught in English.
    FRT 3004 Monuments and Masterpieces of France
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: sophomore standing.
    Study of selected masterpieces of French literature, in English translation. Works to be considered as they relate to history and as they can be read in strictly literary terms. Topic varies from year to year.
    FRT 3520 French Cinema
    Credits: 4 to 8; can be repeated with change in content up to 8 credits.
    Critical, theoretical and historical study of French cinema. Topics will be announced. Content may include key directors, 1930s cinema, nostalgia and masculinity in 1980s films, World War II cinema, and Colonial and Postcolonial cinema. Open to French majors and non-majors and is taught in English. (H and N)
    FRT 3561 Women in French Literature and/or Cinema
    Credits: 3 to 4.
    Introduction to the rich heritage of feminist traditions in France and Francophone countries through an exploration of women writers and thinkers (filmmakers, theorists), primarily of the 19th and 20th centuries. Selected topics include L'écriture féminine (Writing the Feminine), autobiographical writing by French and Francophone women, women in French cinema and representations of women in French film and literature. Read, discuss and analyze a broad spectrum of primary and secondary sources from a feminist viewpoint. (H and N OR S and N)
    FRT 4523 European Identities, European Cinemas
    Credits: 4.
    Provides knowledge of different cultures, languages and identities that make up contemporary European cinemas.
    FRT 4911 Undergraduate Research in English Translation
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in English Translation. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in English Translation.
    FRT 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 18 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    FRW 3100 Introduction to French Literature 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    Overview of French Medieval, Renaissance and classical literature and culture, with major literary, intellectual and historical trends through study of representative works from each period. Emphasizes close reading of texts to train students to read critically and to familiarize them with major authors, genres and interpretations. (H and N)
    FRW 3101 Introduction to French Literature 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 2201 or the equivalent.
    Selected readings of outstanding authors of prose fiction, poetry and theatre from the 18th to the 20th century. Provides the historical context for major literary movements and authors, and trains students to read and write critically. Generally organized thematically. (H and N)
    FRW 3930 Rotating Topics in French and Francophone Literature
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits. Prereq: FRE 3320 or instructor permission.
    Selected topics in French literature.
    FRW 4212 Readings in 17th Century French Prose
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Selected readings with an emphasis on the history of ideas, the moralistes and culture in the early modern period. Texts include Descartes, Cyrano de Bergerac, Pascal, Fontenelle, La Rochefoucauld, La Fayette, La Bruyère and Sévigné.
    FRW 4273 Readings in 18th Century French Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Rotating topics exploring the fiction, theatre or intellectual prose of the Enlightenment. Special emphasis placed on the cultural climate and productions of the Ancient Régime.
    FRW 4281 Readings in the 20th Century French Novel
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Examination of representative novels in 20th century French literature from Proust to the New Novel and beyond. Emphasis may include study of genre, narrative techniques, literary modernism and major themes. Combines an historical approach with close textual readings. Authors frequently studied include Proust, Gide, Malraux, Céline, Camus, Sartre, Robbe-Grillet, Butor, Sarraute and Duras.
    FRW 4310 Seventeenth Century French Drama
    Credits: 3.
    Theory and practice of dramaturgy in the classical period as reflected in plays of Corneille, Molière and Racine. Close textual analysis to disengage aesthetic and ideological problematics posed by each play.
    FRW 4324 Readings in 20th Century French Theatre
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    A study of selected plays (by Jarry, Claudel, Giraudoux, Camus, Anouilh, Ghelderode, Beckett, Ionesco, Genet, etc.), dramatic techniques and the evolution of modern French theatre as a genre.
    FRW 4350 Modern French Poetry from Baudelaire to the Present
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Combines an historical approach with close readings of poetic texts; also introduces a number of theoretical and critical writings. Although traditional poetic texts are studied, the works of less frequently taught poets are also presented.
    FRW 4391 Concepts of French Cinema
    Credits: 4; Prereq: FRE 3300.
    A critical and historical study of the representation of gender and ethnicity in French cinema.
    FRW 4532 Survey of French Romantic Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    A rotating topics tracing the development and the main tenets of 19th century French Romanticism. Concentrates on various themes and genres, including poetry, theater and the novel as well as the socioeconomic and cultural matrices that fostered the movement. Emphasizes the relationship between literature and the visual arts, constructions of gendered, cultural and artistic subjectivities, exoticism (spatial, temporal and mystical voyages) and representations of Paris and French society. Beginning with pre-Romantic authors, moves on to Lamartine, Stendhal, Hugo, Vigny, Balzac, Sand, Musset, Desbordes-Valmore, Nerval and Baudelaire.
    FRW 4552 Introduction to Realism and Naturalism
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Rotating topics trace the development and the main tenets of latter 19th century literary, artistic and cultural productions. Concentrates on various themes and genres, including poetry, theatre and the novel as well as the socioeconomic and cultural matrices that fostered movements arising between 1850 and the fin de siècle. Specific attention may be devoted to definitions of Realism, Naturalism and Symbolism; representations of modern life and the industrialization of the literary market; the infiltration of scientific and mechanistic thought into literary productions (poetry or prose); and representations of women and the female body, of Paris and Parisian society.
    FRW 4762 Readings in Francophone Literatures and Cultures (excluding the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa)
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Rotating topics in the literatures and cultures of the Francophone world, including North America (Quebec), Europe (Belgium, Switzerland and regional France), Asia (Vietnam, Indian Ocean) and the Middle East.
    FRW 4770 African and Caribbean Literatures
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    The production of Sub-Saharan African writers from its inception to the present through examination of representative works and figures, genres (epics, poetry, drama, novels), discourses and critics that inform the productions. Particular attention is paid to historical, political and cultural issues that figure in the development and orientation of African literature in French. Occasional inclusion of Caribbean literature for purpose of comparison.
    FRW 4822 Introduction to French Critical Theory
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101, or the equivalent.
    Review and comparative analysis of approaches to literature from Romanticism to Deconstructionism. Reading and writing are examined through the eyes of Sainte-Beuve, Taine, Lanson, Bachelard, the Geneva School, Ricoeur, Bataille, Blanchot, Barthes, Foucault, Genette, Lacan, Kristeva, Todorov, Derrida and others.
    FRW 4911 Undergraduate Research in Target Language
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Target Language. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Target Language.
    FRW 4932 Senior Seminar in French Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: FRE 3320 and FRW 3100 or 3101.
    Rotating topics for French majors and minors in the senior year. Topics rotate given research interests or field of specialization of the teaching faculty. Recent topics have included La Poésie du Voyage; L'Ecriture Féminine; Le Discontinu chez La Rochefoucauld et La Bruyére; Charles Baudelaire: poète/critique de la vie moderne; Qu'est-ce que la Révolte?
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    German Language, Literature and Culture

    The 10-credit language requirement can be fulfilled by two sequences: GER 1125 and 1126; or GER 1130 and 1131.

    GER 1101 Beginning German 2
    Credits: 3.
    Continuation of the basic sequence in German for the development of overall skill in the language.
    GER 1104 Beginning German 3
    Credits: 3.
    Continuation of the basic sequence in German for the development of overall skill in the language.
    GER 1125 Discover German 1
    Credits: 5.
    First semester of a two-semester sequence that includes GER 1126. In this innovative online course, students acquire basic skills in the German language and use the Internet as a resource to explore aspects of German culture and everyday life.
    GER 1126 Discover German 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: GER 1125.
    Continuation of GER 1125. Continue acquiring basic skills in the German language using the Internet to explore aspects of German culture and everyday life.
    GER 1130 Beginning Intensive German 1
    Credits: 5; no previous knowledge of German required.
    The first semester of a two-semester sequence that includes GER 1131. Emphasis is on spoken German. Reading, writing and grammar are also included in the program. Communication in German is enhanced by the use of multimedia and regular meetings with tutors. Supervised homework and drill sessions in small groups.
    GER 1131 Beginning Intensive German 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: GER 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of series. Emphasis is on spoken German. Reading, writing and grammar are also included in the program. Communication in German is enhanced by the use of multimedia and regular meetings with tutors. Supervised homework and drill sessions in small groups.
    GER 2200 Intermediate German 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 1104 or GER 1126 or GER 1131, or the equivalent.
    Participants will improve their skills in the four basic areas (reading, writing, listening comprehension, speaking) by reviewing elements of grammar, particularly morphology (i.e., word forms), and by expanding vocabulary. Upon successful completion, students may go directly to Advanced German.
    GER 2225 Online Intermediate German
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 1130 and GER 1131; GER 1125 and GER 1126; or 10 university-level credit hours of Beginning German or the equivalent.
    Employing web-based learning resources, this course develops B1-level proficiencies via the reinforcement of speaking and listening comprehension, reading, and writing skills, and an exploration of selected cultural topics. Designed for self-starters who are comfortable and successful working individually and in groups in an online learning environment.
    GER 2240 Intermediate German 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 1104 or GER 1126 or GER 1131, or the equivalent.
    Objectives include improving reading and speaking skills at the intermediate level. Upon completion participants will be able to pronounce German words more accurately, listen with greater comprehension to German and respond to questions about a variety of recorded texts. Upon successful completion, students may go directly to Advanced German.
    GER 2270 Intermediate German Abroad
    Credits: 3-9; Prereq: GER 1126 with a minimum grade of C.
    A review of the major aspects of grammar in a context that enhances understanding of German and aims at a level of proficiency above the A2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.
    GER 3234 Reading German Texts
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240.
    Upon completion, students will be able to read literary and nonliterary texts and to identify the more common syntactical, stylistic and rhetorical elements.
    GER 3300 Writing German Texts
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2270 with a minimum grade of C.
    Special focus on strategies, grammar and vocabulary involved in writing in German. Works toward a writing proficiency level that corresponds to the B1 level as defined by the European Framework of Reference for Languages and measured by the Goethe Institute exam Zertifikay Deutsch.
    GER 3330 German Language and Culture 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240.
    Introduces German civilization through grammar review, vocabulary building, reading and essay writing. Upon completion, students will be able to discuss cultural and literary concepts in German. (H)
    GER 3331 German Language and Culture 2
    Credits: 3. Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240.
    Review German grammar, using the vocabulary of cultural and literary history. Understand and use concepts and vocabulary common to discussions of German cultural history and transition from speaking about everyday situations to discussing cultural and literary documents.
    GER 3332 Topics in German Film and Culture
    Credits: 1; Prereq: GER 1104 or GER 1126 or GER 1131, or equivalent, and one 2000-level GER course.
    GER 3224 is taught as a FLAC accompaniment to various courses. A discussion forum covering different topics in German film and culture. All materials and class discussions will be in German.
    GER 3401 German Grammar Review
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240, or undergraduate coordinator permission.
    An intensive semester-long review of German grammar.
    GER 3413 German Listening, Comprehension and Speaking
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240, or instructor permission.
    Develops the ability to understand and produce basic kinds of speech (descriptions, simple stories, etc.).
    GER 3440 German in Business
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2240.
    Study of Wirt-schaftsdeutsch and the ability to read and write texts in German for international business transactions. Acquire the ability to communicate in German in professional business settings. (N and S)
    GER 3470 Advanced German Abroad
    Credits: 3-9; Prereq: GER 2200 or GER 2270 with a minimum grade of C, or undergraduate coordinator permission.
    Practical, in-class communication exercises at an advanced level in comprehension, speaking, reading and writing. Prepares students to achieve a proficiency level above the B1 level as established by the Common European Framework for Languages.
    GER 4482 Cultural Identity and Intercultural Competence
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 3410 or instructor permission.
    Listening comprehension and speaking ability in work involving German cultural identity, online and in class.
    GER 4850 The Structure and Stylistics of German
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 3234, GER 3401 or GER 3402.
    Study of the elements of contrastive grammar and translating from German to English more effectively.
    GER 4930 Variable Topics in German Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: GER 3401 with a minimum grade of C or 6 credits of coursework at the GER 3000-level.
    Working with German media such as major newspapers, magazines, radio and television programs, students will refine their language skills to a level similar to the B2 level of the Common European Framework for Languages.
    GER 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    GET 2100 German Literary Heritage
    Credits: 3; not for credit in the major.
    Knowledge of German is not required. Upon completion participants will be able to discuss major works of German literature, mainly from the 18th to the 20th century. Texts and lectures in English. (H) (WR)
    GET 3003 German Culture and Civilization 1
    Credits: 3.
    Knowledge of German is not required. Introduces German civilization from the earliest times to the beginning of the 19th century. Become acquainted with German literature, philosophy, art, music and architecture. Readings and discussions in English.
    GET 3004 Modern German Culture and Civilization
    Credits: 3.
    Knowledge of German is not required. Introduces German civilization in the 19th and 20th centuries. Participants will be able to discuss developments in German literature, philosophy, art, music and architecture. Texts and lectures in English.
    GET 3200 Medieval Literary Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Studies the German literary culture of the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages in its broader European context. Examines literary culture in relation to Latin literary traditions, as well as to other cultural domains such as the arts, architecture, theology, and politics. (H) (WR)
    GET 3501 History, Literature and Arts of Berlin
    Credits: 3.
    Gain a working knowledge of the history and culture of Berlin from 1871 to the present by exploring literature, painting, and film. Authors and artists include Mann, Brecht, Dix, and Wenders.
    GET 3520 Early German Cinema: 1945
    Credits: 4.
    Historical overview of the most influential films of German classical cinema, including how they relate to the social reality of the 1920s and 30s.
    GET 3580 Representations of War in Literature and Visual Media
    Credits: 3.
    Study of the shifting cultural representations of war (literature/art) in the 20th century, focusing primarily on European history, culture and politics. Primary sources include Mann, Remarque, Boll, Celan, Grosz, and Kiefer.
    GET 3581 Limits of Representation: Literature and Arts of the Holocaust
    Credits: 3.
    Through an analysis of Holocaust literature, film and visual media, investigates the connections between history, trauma, witnessing and representation. Primary sources include Celan, Sachs, Kluger and Spiegelman.
    GET 3930 Variable Topics in German Studies
    Credits: 3 to 9.
    Variable topics in German Studies in English translation.
    GET 4293 New German Cinema 1945 to Present
    Credits: 4.
    Introduces New German Cinema from its inception in the 1960s to its demise and its subsequent legacy, both in filmmaking and criticism.
    GET 4930 Variable Topics in German Studies
    Credits: 3 to 9; Prereq: 3 credits at 3000 level or above, or instructor permission.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in German studies, in English translation.
    GEW 3100 Survey of German Literature 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: instructor permission.
    The major periods and works of German literature from the Middle Ages to the 18th century. Texts in German.
    GEW 3101 Survey of German Literature 2
    Credits: 3.
    The major periods of German literature from the 18th century to the present. Authors include Goethe, Kleist, Kafka, Mann, Grass, and Christa Wolf. Readings in German. (H)
    GEW 3930 Variable Topics in German Studies
    Credits: 3 to 9; Prereq: GER 2000 or instructor permission.
    Variable topics in German Studies.
    GEW 4301 Introduction to German Drama and Theater
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GEW 3100 and GEW 3101, or the equivalent.
    Survey of German drama from the late medieval period to the present. Introduction to major forms, periods and authors such as Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, and Brecht. (H)
    GEW 4400 Medieval Studies in German
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GEW 3100 and GEW 3101.
    Read some shorter verse narratives dealing with love and chivalric adventures in the original language of the German Middle Ages (ca. 1200). In conjunction with this reading, students will learn some of the basic features of the poetic idiom (Middle High German) as well as some of the issues and problems involved in the production, transmission and editing of medieval manuscripts. (H)
    GEW 4401 German Cities as Cultural Centers
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 3401 or instructor permission.
    Study of German, Austrian, and Swiss cities as cultural centers. Employs online learning resources to expand knowledge of urban cultures in German-speaking Europe and to develop linguistic and cultural proficiency toward the B2 level according to CEFR standards.
    GEW 4542 Romantics and Revolutionaries
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GEW 3100 and GEW 3101.
    Introduction to the Romantic and Young Germany movements enables students to analyze social movements and their relationships to literature in the first half of the 19th century. Participants will also learn to recognize specific literary forms and styles.
    GEW 4730 Modern German Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GEW 3100 and GEW 3101.
    The major trends of German literature in the first half of the 20th century, including impressionism, expressionism, Neue Sachlichkeit, workers literature and Nazi culture. Works by Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse and Bertolt Brecht are discussed. (H)
    GEW 4731 Contemporary German Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GEW 3100 and GEW 3101.
    Participants will learn to discern the major trends of post WW II German literature. Students will be able to recognize the key features of works by such German authors as Böll, Grass, Weiss and Wolf, and by such Swiss and Austrian writers as Frisch, Dürrenmatt and Handke. (H)
    GEW 4750 Women in German Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: any two 3000-level courses.
    The image of women in representative works of German literature. Study of the main themes and structures in selected works by major women writers of German-speaking countries and their unique contribution to German culture and literature. Students will use an interdisciplinary approach to literature and will learn the basic tools of gender studies. (H)
    GEW 4760 Ethnic Writing in Germany
    Credits: 3; Prereq: GER 3234 or instructor permission.
    Writings (prose, poetry, critical essays) of significant authors of non-German descent (i.e., Spaniards, Italians, Turks, Iranians) from the 1950s to the present. Insights into the lives and thinking of significant ethnic minorities in Germany during this period and the implications for German literary history and German identity. Films are also screened and discussed.
    GEW 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 3; can be taken only once for credit toward the major.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course. Available only by special arrangement.
    GEW 4911 Undergraduate Research in German
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in German. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in German.
    GEW 4930 Seminar in Germanic Languages and Literatures
    Credits: 3; Prereq: any two 3000-level courses or instructor permission.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in Germanic language or literature. (H)
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    Haitian Creole Language, Literature and Culture

    HAI 1130 Beginning Haitian Creole 1
    Credits: 5; Prereq: bilingual students are encouraged to speak to the instructor as they may be able to enter directly into HAI 1131 to satisfy their foreign language requirement.
    HAI 1130 and its sequel, HAI 1131, constitute the basic sequence for development of conversational skills and grammar essentials in the language.
    HAI 1131 Beginning Haitian Creole 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: HAI 1130 or the equivalent.
    Second part of the basic Haitian Creole sequence for development of conversational skills and grammar essentials in the language.
    HAI 2200 Intermediate Haitian Creole 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HAI 1131 or the equivalent.
    Concentrates on conversation and readings and provides an introduction to Haitian culture through music and film.
    HAI 2201 Intermediate Haitian Creole 2
    Credits: 3.
    Continued concentration on conversation with added emphasis on reading and perspectives on issues related to the Haitian way of living.
    HAI 3930 Haitian Culture and Society
    Credits: 3.
    Central aspects of history, politics, environment and development are addressed, including gender relations, medicine, education, work, race and class. No knowledge of Haitian Creole is required.
    HAI 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 4; Prereq: department permission.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course. Must be arranged individually with Haitian faculty.
    HAI 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language, Linguistics, Literature, Culture in Some Combination of English, Haitian, Creole or French.
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in language, linguistics, literature, culture in some combination of English, Haitian, Creole, or French. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application.
    HAT 3503 Haitian Culture and Literature in Translation
    Credits: 3.
    Examines representations of Haiti and its culture through Haitian literature, art, film, and music.
    HAT 3564 Haitian Culture and Society
    Credits: 3.
    Central aspects of history, politics, environment and development are addressed, including attention to gender relations, medicine, education, work, race and class. No knowledge of Haitian Creole is required. (H and N OR S and N) (WR)
    HAT 3700 Introduction to Haitian Creole Linguistics
    Credits: 3.
    Class examines the major sub-fields of linguistics by means of the Haitian Creole language. Haitian Creole syntax, morphology, phonology, semantics and lexicon are introduced in addition to sociolinguistics, dialectology, language planning, bilingualism and language contact. (H and N OR H and D) (WR)
    HAT 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language, Linguistics, Literature, Culture in Some Combination of English, Haitian, Creole or French.
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Language, Linguistics, Literature, Culture in Some Combination of English, Haitian, Creole or French. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Language, Linguistics, Literature, Culture in Some Combination of English, Haitian, Creole or French.
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    Hebrew Language and Literature

    A placement test is given during the first class meeting.

    HBR 1130 Beginning Modern Hebrew 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning Hebrew covers four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. For those with no prior exposure to the language. Those with previous study of or exposure to Hebrew must enroll in HBR 2132 Hebrew for Heritage Learners 1.
    HBR 1131 Beginning Modern Hebrew 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: HBR 1130 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Continues beginning Hebrew, covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
    HBR 2132 Hebrew for Heritage Learners 1
    Credits: 5.
    For those with significant speaking and listening background in modern Hebrew; emphasizes reading and writing. Covers first-year Hebrew in one semester.
    HBR 2133 Hebrew for Heritage Learners 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: HBR 2132 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Covers the first and second semester of second-year modern Hebrew. Those who successfully complete this course are eligible for HBR 3410.
    HBR 2220 Intermediate Modern Hebrew 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: HBR 1131 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate Hebrew study covers four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing with new vocabulary and grammar.
    HBR 2221 Intermediate Modern Hebrew 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: HBR 2220 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Continues intermediate Hebrew covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
    HBR 3410 Advanced Modern Hebrew 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 2220 or HBR 2133 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing with attention to more complex structures. (H and N)
    HBR 3411 Advanced Modern Hebrew 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 3410 with minimum grade of C or S, or the equivalent.
    Continues advanced Hebrew study of the four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing with attention to more complex structures. (H and N)
    HBR 3440 Translation in Israeli Media
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 3410 or equivalent.
    Explores one of the most popular and fast developing areas of study in communications and translation studies today: media and translation. Focuses on Israeli context. Areas of study include topics from subtitling and captioning to translating websites and television commercials.
    HBR 3443 Hebrew News and Media
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 2221 or equivalent.
    Introduces and analyzes a selection of texts representative of various venues in the Hebrew press and electronic media. These will include some of the main Israeli newspapers (Haarertz, Yediot, TheMarker), newscasts, and talk shows on the main television and radio channels.
    HBR 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: refer to the department.
    Individual work on an approved topic.
    HBR 4930 Special Topics
    Credits: 3.
    Proseminar of variable content providing an opportunity for in-depth study of special topics in Israeli literature, history, or culture.
    HBR 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    HBT 3100 Introduction to Israeli Culture
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 1130 or sophomore standing.
    Presentation and analysis of some key facets of Israeli culture. Topics include Jewish vs. Zionist (and Israeli non-Jewish) identities, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Israeli-American relations, gender, and function of art in Israeli society.
    HBT 3223 Identity and Dissent in the Hebrew Short Story
    Credits: 3.
    Traces the tension between the individual and the collective in Zionist/Israeli society over the last 100-plus years as illustrated in Hebrew short fiction.
    HBT 3233 Israeli History and the Contemporary Novel
    Credits: 3.
    Studies Israeli history through the lens of the contemporary novel. (H)
    HBT 3562 Jews and Arabs in Modern Hebrew Fiction
    Credits: 3.
    Discusses the Arab-Israeli conflict as it is conveyed in 20th century Hebrew literature.
    HBT 3563 Women in Modern Hebrew Fiction
    Credits: 3.
    Depictions of women in 20th century Hebrew fiction.
    HBT 3564 Motherhood in Modern Hebrew Literature
    Credits: 3.
    Applied feminist theories regarding motherhood to the field of modern Hebrew literature.
    HMW 4200 Readings in Modern Hebrew Literature 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HBR 3411 or equivalent.
    Readings in modern Hebrew novels, short fiction and poetry. While the study of literature is emphasized, some language work is presented to help with reading comprehension. Texts and instruction are in Hebrew.
    HMW 4201 Readings in Modern Hebrew Literature 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HMW 4200 or equivalent.
    Readings in modern Hebrew texts, including recently published stories and poems. Class is instructed in Hebrew.
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    Hindi-Urdu Language and Literature

    HIN 1130 Beginning Hindi 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering reading, writing, listening, and speaking with emphasis on acquisition of devanagari script.
    HIN 1131 Beginning Hindi 2
    Credits: 5. Prereq: HIN 1130 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent, or instructor permission.
    Continued study with emphasis on grammar and vocabulary essential to basic communicative functions.
    HIN 2200 Intermediate Hindi 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: Beginning Hindi 2 or equivalent, or instructor permission.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    HIN 2201 Intermediate Hindi 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HIN 2200 or equivalent, or instructor permission.
    Continuation of intermediate study.
    HIN 4930 Special Topics in Hindi-Urdu
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content. Prereq: HIN 2201 or equivalent, or instructor permission.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in and in-depth study of prose or poetic genres in Hindi and/or Urdu. Supplementary critical readings in English.
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    Italian Language, Literature and Culture

    ITA 1130 Beginning Italian 1
    Credits: 5.
    ITA 1130 and its sequel, ITA 1131, constitute the basic sequence in Italian. Emphasis on the development of broad competence in the language. Oral-aural approach ensures competence in the four skills.
    ITA 1131 Beginning Italian 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: ITA 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of the basic sequence in Italian. Emphasis on the development of broad competence in the language. Oral-aural approach ensures competence in the four skills.
    ITA 2220 Intermediate Italian 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: ITA 1131 or the equivalent.
    Enhances knowledge of Italian in all four skills: listening, reading, speaking and writing. The goal is to create communicative competence that enables students to advance to third year study and to benefit from their visits to Italy. (H and N)
    ITA 2221 Intermediate Italian 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: ITA 2220 or the equivalent.
    Completes second year sequence with emphasis on composition, literature and communication skills. (H and N)
    ITA 3070 Accelerated Introduction to Italian
    Credits: 5; Prereq: fourth semester of another romance language or instructor permission.
    Intensive course designed primarily for speakers or students with knowledge of another Romance language or strong linguistic abilities in another foreign language. Assumes no prior study of Italian and offers a complete four-skill (listening, speaking, reading and writing) introduction to the language.
    ITA 3224 Italian Enhancement Section
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: ITA 2221 or instructor permission. Not for credit in the major.
    Italian-language reading and discussion to accompany and complement courses in other departments. Readings and discussions are in Italian to develop vocabulary and fluency related to the content of the companion course and to provide an international perspective on the issues of the main course. (N)
    ITA 3420 Grammar and Composition 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 2221 or equivalent.
    Intensive language course designed to master grammatical principles, increase vocabulary and enhance writing and composition skills.
    ITA 3500 Italian Civilization
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: ITA 2221 or the equivalent, or section coordinator or undergraduate advisor permission.
    Variable topics class that introduces Italian civilization in historical, artistic and literary contexts. (H and N)
    ITA 3564 Contemporary Italian Culture
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: ITA 2221 or the equivalent, or section coordinator or undergraduate advisor permission.
    Variable topics class focusing on modern Italy through literature, art and mass media, and current events. (H and N)
    ITA 4905 Individual Work
    Credits: 1 to 4; Prereq: program coordinator permission.
    For advanced minors who seek independent work not offered in another course. Must be arranged individually with Italian faculty. Only three credits can count toward the minor.
    ITA 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language or History/Culture in Italian
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Language or History/Culture in Italian. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Language or History/Culture in Italian.
    ITT 2530 Italian Literature and Film
    Credits: 3; not for credit in the major.
    Study of modern Italian narrative and its adaptation to film by major Italian directors. (H and N)
    ITT 3431 Italy and Pilgrimages
    Credits: 3.
    Through lectures, readings and discussions in English, ITT 3431 considers the continuing presence of Rome and other Italian cities as metaphors and focal points of Italian artistic and literary sensibilities. (H and N)
    ITT 3521 Italian Cinema
    Credits: 4 to 8; can be repeated with change in content up to 8 credits.
    Critical and historical study of Italian film and directors. Topics may vary. (H and N)
    ITT 3540 Murder Italian Style: Crime Fiction and Film in Italy
    Credits: 3; Prereq: sophomore standing or instructor permission.
    Explores Italian crime fiction and film. Analysis considers specificity of Italian tradition while placing texts and films in a broader cultural and historical context, enabling critically and politically informed reading of the many applications and subversions of the generic formula. Taught in English.
    ITT 3541 Gangsters and Godfathers: Italian Mafia Movies
    Credits: 3; Prereq: Sophomore standing or instructor permission.
    Examines Italian cinematic representations of organized criminality, in particular Sicilian Cosa Nostra and Neapolitan Camorra. Analysis considers specificity of Italian tradition while placing films in a broader history of the gangster genre to allow for a critically and politically informed reading of Italian generic subversions. Taught in English.
    ITT 3700 The Demolition of Man: Italian Perspectives on the Jewish Holocaust
    Credits: 3; Prereq: sophomore standing or instructor permission.
    Explores a sampling of Italy’s texts on the Jewish Holocaust, centering on the work of survivor and theorist of the camps, Primo Levi. Material also encompasses the history of the Italian-Jewish community as well as a selection of Italian films dealing with the realities and ethical implications of the camps.
    ITT 3930 Special Topics in Italian Literature and Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Selected topics in Italian literature, civilization and culture, including crossover influence of media. Can focus on one epoch's influence on another.
    ITT 4911 Undergraduate Research in Italian in English Translation
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Italian in English Translation. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Italian in English Translation.
    ITT 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 1 to 4; can be repeated with a change in content up to 18 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    ITW 3100 Introduction to Italian Literature 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 2221 or the equivalent, or section coordinator or undergraduate advisor permission.
    The origins of early Italian literature, its central themes and the cultural factors that influenced its development. Develops an ability to read in Italian and to read critically. (H)
    ITW 3101 Introduction to Italian Literature 2
    Credits: 3 to 9; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: ITA 2221 or the equivalent, or section coordinator or undergraduate advisor permission.
    The major Italian authors from the Renaissance through the 20th century. (H)
    ITW 3500 Boccaccio's Decameron
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 2221 or the equivalent.
    Analysis of Giovanni Boccaccio’s canonical Decameron with a focus on the literary dimension of text as well as the political, historical, and religious context in which the work was written.
    ITW 4026C Representing the Humble Italy: Literature and Cinema of the Italian South
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 3420, ITA 3500, ITA 3564, ITW 3100 or ITW 3101, or instructor permission.
    Examines texts and films that address the so-called Southern Question, namely, the socioeconomic and cultural disparities between northern and southern Italy. Explores or contests topics and concepts including southern exclusion from official history, southern fusion of religion and superstition, resistance to modernity and mafia-related political corruption. Taught in Italian.
    ITW 4253 Delitto all'italiana: Crime Fiction and Film in Italy
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 3420, ITA 3500, ITA 3564, ITW 3100 or ITW 3101, or instructor permission.
    Explores a sampling of Italian crime fiction and film through the lens of a range of conceptual categories, including British intellectual model vs. American noir; rational inquiry vs. uncertainties of sensory perception; canon vs. popular; cosmopolitan vs. provincial; order vs. chaos; political conservatism vs. social critique. Taught in Italian.
    ITW 4491 Italian Theater from the Renaissance to the Early Modern Era
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 3420, ITA 3500, ITA 3564, ITW 3100 or ITW 3101, or instructor permission.
    Overview and analysis of evolution of Italian theater, with focus on a selection of specific examples drawn from Italian theater from the Renaissance to the early modern era. Taught in Italian.
    ITW 4526 Mad Love in Modern Italian Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 3420, ITA 3500, ITA 3564, ITW 3100 or ITW 3101, or instructor permission.
    Exploration of a sampling of modern Italian literary manifestations of a love that strays beyond the conventional. Language skills addressed through discussion, oral presentations, creative writing assignments, and short papers.
    ITW 4580 Animals and Animality in Italian Culture
    Credits: 3; Prereq: 3 credits of an ITA or ITW course at the 3000 level or above.
    Presentation and exploration of the figure of the nonhuman animal in the work of several modern Italian authors and poets. Analysis addresses the literary dimension of the selected animal portraits as well as any philosophical and ethical questions raised by these literary animals. Taught in Italian.
    ITW 4600 Dante's Inferno
    Credits: 3; Prereq: ITA 3420, ITA 3500, ITA 3564, ITW 3100 or ITW 3101, or instructor permission.
    Semester-long, in-depth examination of Dante Alighieri’s text, Inferno, with the support of a variety of visual materials and digital resources devoted to Dante and his world. Special attention paid to the political, historical and religious context in which Dante wrote. Taught in Italian.
    ITW 4911 Undergraduate Research in Literature in Italian
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Literature in Italian. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Literature in Italian.
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    Japanese Language, Literature and Culture

    JPN 1130 Beginning Japanese 1
    Credits: 5. Prereq: placement test.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. JPN 1130 has a strict attendance policy: if registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor.
    JPN 1131 Beginning Japanese 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: JPN 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar. JPN 1131 has a strict attendance policy: if registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor.
    JPN 2230 Intermediate Japanese 1
    Credits: 5; Prereq: JPN 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar. JPN 2230 has a strict attendance policy: if registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor.
    JPN 2231 Intermediate Japanese 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: JPN 2230 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Continuation of intermediate study. JPN 2231 has a strict attendance policy: if registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor.
    JPN 3410 Advanced Japanese 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 2231 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures. JPN 3410 has a strict attendance policy: if registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor. (H and N)
    JPN 3411 Advanced Japanese 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 3410 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Continuation of advanced study. JPN 3411 has a strict attendance policy. If registered students miss two or more class meetings during drop/add, they may be dropped from the class upon notification by the instructor. (H and N)
    JPN 3440 Business Japanese
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 2231 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Provides grammatical structures and essential business vocabulary, develops conversation strategies and presentation skills, and raises awareness of the customs and cultural differences in Japanese business interactions.
    JPN 3730 Language in Japanese Society
    Credits: 3.
    Analysis of variation in regional dialects: gender-based differences, pragmatics of interpersonal communication, language acquisition and discourse structure. (S and N)
    JPN 4415 Japanese Translation: Theory and Practice
    Credits: 3. Prereq: JPN 3410 or equivalent with a minimum grade of C or instructor permission.
    Key concepts and approaches of translation studies applied to the translation of Japanese to English, and English to Japanese, in a variety of media, genre, and text types.
    JPN 4850 Structure of Japanese
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 1131 or instructor permission.
    Linguistic analysis of modern standard Japanese. Topics include phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and writing. Readings and discussions in English. (S and N)
    JPN 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; can be repeated with a change in content up to 10 credits.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course. Available only by special arrangement.
    JPN 4911 Undergraduate Research in Language or Linguistics
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Language or Linguistics. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Language or Linguistics.
    JPN 4930 Special Topics in Japanese Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in and in-depth study of special topics in Japanese studies.
    JPN 4935 Senior Honors Thesis
    Credits: 3; Prereq: Minimum 3.5 GPA and instructor permission.
    Select a Japanese faculty member to act as director for an independent research project that culminates in an honors thesis.
    JPN 4940 Internship
    Credits: 3; Prereq: instructor and department permission.
    Faculty (or delegated authority) supervised internship. Requires a written post-internship report.
    JPN 4956 Overseas Studies 1
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    JPN 4957 Overseas Studies 2
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Revolving topics provide a mechanism for coursework taken at a foreign university as part of an approved study abroad program to be transferred to UF. Credits taken will be entered in the student's transcript and may or may not count toward graduation, at the discretion of major's advisors.
    JPT 3100 Tales of Kyoto
    Credits: 3.
    An investigation of literary texts from the 8th through the 17th centuries presented within the framework of Western literary and feminist criticism. (H and N)
    JPT 3120 Modern Japanese Fiction in Translation
    Credits: 3.
    A critical examination of stories, autobiographies and secondary criticism from the 19th century to the present. Become familiar with the forms and topics of criticism through Japanese and Western sources. (H and N) (WR)
    JPT 3121 Contemporary Japanese Literature: Postwar to Postmodern
    Credits: 3.
    Companion to JPT 3120 that reflects the increasing clarity with which contemporary Japanese literature (1945 to present) is emerging as a separate field with its own set of issues, major texts and significance for the American student of Japan. Writers range from Dazai and Oe Kenzaburo to Murakami Haruki, and issues range from subjectivity to cybernetics.
    JPT 3140 Modern Women Writers
    Credits: 3.
    Examination of narratives written by women who published during the Taisho (1912-25), Showa (1925-89) and Heisei (1989 to present) periods. (H and N)
    JPT 3150 Classical Japanese Poetry
    Credits: 3.
    Historical survey of traditional Japanese poetry (waka) from the 8th to the 16th century. (H and N)
    JPT 3300 Samurai War Tales
    Credits: 3; Coreq: JPT 3500 recommended.
    Explores the historical and cultural stimuli that led to war, recorded later as war narratives. Supported by images of architecture, narrative picture scrolls, and extant military accoutrements. (H and N)
    JPT 3391 Introduction to Japanese Film
    Credits: 4.
    Introduces the formal and historical features of Japanese film that have given it a unique position in film history. Emphasizes formal and critical analysis as well as the intellectual stakes of studying non-western film.
    JPT 3500 Japanese Culture
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to Japanese culture with emphasis on tracing the origin and development of important aspects of Japanese literature, art, religion and society. All readings in English. (H and N) (WR)
    JPT 4130 The Tale of Genji
    Credits: 3.
    Investigation of the 11th-century masterpiece and its pervasive influence on Japanese literature, past and present. (H and N)
    JPT 4502 Japanese Folklore
    Credits: 3.
    Study of native belief systems and the supernatural as reflected in the folk practice of ritual observance and in tales, myths, songs and proverbs. (H and N)
    JPT 4510 Representations of Japan's Modern Empire
    Credits: 3; Coreq: JPT 3500 recommended.
    Examines a variety of literary, historical, anthropological, and theoretical texts to explore racial and social issues related to Japan's imperial past. (H and N)
    JPT 4911 Undergraduate Research in English Translation
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in English Translation. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in English Translation.
    JPT 4956 Overseas Studies 1
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    JPT 4957 Overseas Studies 2
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Revolving topics provide a mechanism for coursework taken at a foreign university as part of an approved study abroad program to be transferred to UF. Credits taken will be entered in the student's transcript and may or may not count toward graduation, at the discretion of major's advisors.
    JPW 3143 Classical Japanese 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 2231 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Introduction to classical Japanese texts with emphasis on reading comprehension, grammar analysis and translation.
    JPW 3144 Classical Japanese 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 3143 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Complex texts in classical Japanese with focus on comprehension, grammar, literature and culture.
    JPW 4130 Readings in Japanese Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 3411 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    A fourth-year language course based on literary texts, incorporating advanced reading skills and the analysis of literature in the original. (H and N)
    JPW 4131 Japanese Texts and Contexts
    Credits: 3; Prereq: JPN 3411 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent as proven by placement test.
    Complements JPW 4130, Readings in Japanese Literature, and focuses on contemporary issues as encountered in a variety of Japanese media.
    JPW 4911 Undergraduate Research in Target Language
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Target Language. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Target Language.
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    Korean Language

    KOR 1130 Beginning Korean 1
    Credits: 5; Prereq: placement test.
    Beginning study covering speaking, listening, reading, writing, and cultural interaction.
    KOR 1131 Beginning Korean 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: KOR 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of speaking, listening, reading, writing and cultural interaction.
    KOR 2230 Intermediate Korean 1
    Credits: 5; Prereq: KOR 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    KOR 2231 Intermediate Korean 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: KOR 2230 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
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    Lingala Language

    LGL 1130 Beginning Lingala 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    LGL 1131 Beginning Lingala 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: LGL 1130 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    LGL 2200 Intermediate Lingala 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: LGL 1131 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    LGL 2201 Intermediate Lingala 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: LGL 2200 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    LGL 3410 Advanced Lingala 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: LGL 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    LGL 3411 Advanced Lingala 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: LGL 3410 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
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    Polish Language, Literature and Culture

    PLT 2560 Poland through Movies
    Credits: 4.
    Introductory survey of more than one thousand years of Polish history, illustrated on film.
    PLT 3520 Polish Cinema
    Credits: 4.
    Examination of principal developments and major directors of modern Polish cinema with emphasis on the visual and narrative techniques that distinguish Polish cinema from Hollywood and other national cinemas. Taught in English. (Cross-listed with ENG 4135.)
    PLT 3930 Special Topics in Polish Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits.
    Variable topics in Polish literature, culture and society. Taught in English.
    POL 1130 Introduction to Polish Language and Culture 1
    Credits: 5.
    A two-semester Polish language sequence that introduces the basics of Polish language and culture.
    POL 1131 Introduction to Polish Language and Culture 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: POL 1130 or placement test.
    Second in the two-semester sequence. Helps to expand vocabulary, command of Polish grammar, and the ability to speak Polish.
    POL 2200 Intermediate Polish 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: POL 1131 or placement test.
    Improve speaking, reading, writing, and listening comprehension skills by reviewing and expanding the language principles introduced in POL 1130 and 1131.
    POL 2201 Intermediate Polish 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: POL 2200 or placement test.
    Improve speaking, reading, writing, and listening comprehension skills by reviewing and building upon the language principles introduced in POL 2200.
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    Russian Language, Literature and Culture

    RUS 1101 Beginning Russian 2
    Credits: 3.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    RUS 1130 Introduction to Russian Language and Culture 1
    Credits: 5.
    RUS 1130 and its sequel, RUS 1131, offer a comprehensive introduction to Russian, using interactive methods to develop competence in speaking, listening, reading, writing and cultural interaction.
    RUS 1131 Introduction to Russian Language and Culture 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: RUS 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of introductory language and cultural study.
    RUS 2220 Intermediate Russian 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: RUS 1131 or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study with exercises in sentence patterns, vocabulary building and oral and written discourse in Russian.
    RUS 2340 Russian for Heritage Learners
    Credits: 3; Prereq: instructor or undergraduate coordinator permission.
    A practical overview of Russian grammar and writing for those with significant bilingual speaking and listening backgrounds. Devotes special attention to reading, writing and vocabulary development.
    RUS 3240 Oral Practice in Russian
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 1131 or the equivalent.
    Development of advanced speaking and listening skills in conversational Russian.
    RUS 3400 Intermediate Russian 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: RUS 2220 or the equivalent.
    Continued study with exercises in sentence patterns, vocabulary building and sustained oral and written discourse.
    RUS 4000 Advanced Russian 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 3400 with a minimum grade of C or S or the equivalent as proven by a placement test.
    Advanced study of the four skills (speaking, listening, reading, & writing) with attention to more complex structures.
    RUS 4001 Advanced Russian 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 4000 with a minimum grade of C or S or the equivalent as proven by a placement test.
    Advanced study of the four skills (speaking, listening, reading, & writing) with attention to more complex structures.
    RUS 4300 Advanced Grammar and Composition
    Credits: 3; Prereq: one 3000-level Russian course or the equivalent.
    Study of advanced grammar and composition in Russian.
    RUS 4411 Advanced Oral Practice
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 3240.
    Continued development of advanced speaking and listening skills based on authentic written, audio and video texts from contemporary Russian culture.
    RUS 4501 Russian Studies Research Seminar
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 3101, RUW 3400, RUW 4341 or higher.
    Introduces significant trends and ideas in Russian literary, cultural, historical, and critical studies. Develop the ability to understand and produce critical scholarly argument in a variety of formats, including class discussion, formal presentation and a written research project.
    RUS 4502 Language and Culture of the Russian Business World
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUW 3101, RUW 4341 or the equivalent, or instructor permission.
    Combines advanced language training, a practical introduction to the language and culture of the contemporary Russian business world, and extensive practice translating and interpreting texts used in business settings. Focuses on issues such as starting companies and joint ventures, advertising, and setting up and conducting official meetings and telephone calls. Basic Russian business ethics are also studied.
    RUS 4503 Theory and Practice of Russian-English Translation 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUW 3101, RUW 4341 or instructor permission.
    The first part of a two-part translation series focusing on the theory and practice of conveying word semantics in Russian-English and English-Russian translation.
    RUS 4504 Theory and Practice of Russian-English Translation 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUW 3101, RUW 4341 or instructor permission.
    The second part of the translation series focusing on the theory and practice of conveying sentence and paragraph semantics in Russian-English and English-Russian translation.
    RUS 4700 Structure of the Russian Language
    Credits: 3; Prereq: one 3000-level Russian course or the equivalent.
    Introduction to the phonology, morphology and syntax of contemporary standard Russian from a formal and semantic standpoint. Also includes the development of Russian word stress and a survey of the development of Russian verb tense, aspect and mood.
    RUS 4780 Corrective Phonetics and Intonation
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUW 3101, RUW 4341 or instructor permission.
    Develops advanced-level phonetic and intonational skills via a variety of genres of authentic texts from Russian culture.
    RUS 4905 Individual Work in Russian
    Credits: 1 to 3; Prereq: RUS 2220 or the equivalent.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course. Available only by special arrangement.
    RUS 4911 Undergraduate Research in Russian Language
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Russian Language. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Russian Language.
    RUS 4930 Special Topics in Russian
    Credits: 3 to 9; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in Russian studies. New, experimental, or one-time offerings.
    RUS 4956 Overseas Studies
    Credits: 1 to 15; can be repeated with a change in content up to 15 credits. Prereq: undergraduate advisor permission.
    Provides a mechanism by which coursework taken as part of an approved study abroad program can be recorded on the UF transcript and counted toward graduation.
    RUT 3101 Russian Masterpieces
    Credits: 3; ​Prereq: sophomore standing.
    ​Introduces the Russian literature of the 19th-21st centuries. Read some of the most influential works by Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Chekhov, Nabokov, Pasternak and Sorokin, thereby gaining essential knowledge of Russian history, culture and the authors’ personal lives. Readings and discussions in English. (H and N)
    RUT 3441 Tolstoy and Dostoevsky
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to the major 19th century Russian novelists and their contemporaries. Readings and discussions in English. (H)
    RUT 3442 Themes from Russian Literature
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits.
    An examination of Russian everyday life and institutions of the 19th and 20th centuries through the media of literature and film. (H and N)
    RUT 3443 War and Peace
    Credits: 3; Prereq: sophomore standing or higher, or instructor permission.
    Offers a close reading of Tolstoy’s epic novel War and Peace. Examines the literary and historical origins of the novel, its reflection of Tolstoy's obsession with history, and the emerging picture it presents of Russian identity. Taught in English.
    RUT 3452 Russian Literature of the Twentieth Century
    Credits: 3.
    Authors, movements and genres in Russian literature from the Revolution of 1917 to the present. Readings and discussions in English. (H and N) (WR)
    RUT 3500 Russian Cultural Heritage
    Credits: 3.
    An introduction to the culture of pre-revolutionary Russia. Philosophical, religious, artistic and literary currents in relation to Western civilization. Readings and discussions in English. (H and N)
    RUT 3501 Contemporary Russian Culture and Society
    Credits: 3.
    Patterns of continuity and change in the philosophical and cultural values of Russian society as they explain the Soviet Union and contemporary Russia. Readings and discussions in English. (H)
    RUT 3503 Violence and Terror in the Russian Experience
    Credits: 3.
    An examination of the impact of violence and terror on the human condition as reflected and expressed in well-known works of Russian literature (fiction and historical narratives), art and film. Taught in English. No knowledge of other languages required. (H and N) (WR)
    RUT 3504 Russia Today
    Credits: 3.
    Patterns of continuity and change in the philosophical and cultural values of Russian society as they explain the Soviet Union and contemporary Russia. Readings and discussions in English. (H and N) (WR)
    RUT 3506 Creative Lives: Writers, Artists, and Extraordinary People
    Credits: 3; Prereq: sophomore standing or higher, or instructor permission.
    Explores Russian visions of creativity and creative people in Russian culture by placing them in dialogue with broader European and American models and considerations of creativity.
    RUT 3514 Russian Fairy Tales
    Credits: 3.
    A critical introduction to Russian fairy tales and folklore and an examination of the aesthetic, social, cultural and psychological values they reflect. (H and N)
    RUT 3524 Russia through Film
    Credits: 3; Prereq: sophomore standing or higher, or instructor permission.
    Examines Russian life, institutions, and the arts against the background of period-defining historical, political, and cultural events from the early twentieth century to the present day as reflected and refracted in some emblematic feature films, documentaries, and animated cartoon films produced in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia.
    RUT 3530 Russia's Struggle with Nature: Legacies of Destruction and Preservation
    Credits: 3. Prereq: sophomore standing or instructor permission.
    Explores competing concepts of nature in modern Russian culture through works of Russian fiction and non-fiction in translation. Emphasis falls on environmental problems in Russia and the former Soviet Union (desiccation of the Aral Sea, pollution of Lake Baikal, the Chernobyl nuclear accident etc.) and their impact on Russian thought.
    RUT 3600 The Twentieth Century through Slavic Eyes
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to the literature, film and culture of 20th century Eastern and Central Europe. (H and N)
    RUT 3930 Variable Topics in Russian Studies
    Credits: 1 to 9.
    Variable topics in Russian studies, taught in English translation.
    RUT 4440 Pushkin and Gogol
    Credits: 3.
    Major works of Russian literature written the first half of the 19th century. Readings and discussions in English. (H)
    RUT 4450 Russian Modernism
    Credits: 3.
    Introduction to the major artistic contributions of Russian modernism in the context of the political, social, and cultural upheavals of late Imperial to Stalinist Russia (1890 - 1939). (H and N)
    RUT 4911 Undergraduate Research in Russian Studies, English Translation
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Russian Studies, English Translation. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Russian Studies, English Translation.
    RUT 4930 Variable Topics in Russian Studies
    Credits: 1 to 9; Prereq: one 3000-level Russian course or instructor permission.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in Russian studies, taught in English translation.
    RUW 3101 Reading Russian Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 3400 or the equivalent.
    An in-depth study of the vocabulary, structures, reading strategies and cultural background needed for understanding and interpreting a broad range of Russian prose fiction. (H)
    RUW 4301 Russian Drama and Poetry
    Credits: 3 to 6; can be repeated with a change in content up to 6 credits.
    Study of plays and poems by major Russian writers from the 19th and 20th centuries. Readings in Russian.
    RUW 4341 Russian Media Culture
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUS 4300 or RUS 4930 with minimum grades of C.
    An in-depth study of the history and recent trends in the Russian mass media and web-based technology and their impact on culture and society.
    RUW 4370 Russian Short Prose
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits.
    Critical study of selected Russian short stories. Readings in Russian. (H)
    RUW 4630 Reading Eugene Onegin: Pushkin and Nabokov
    Credits: 3; Prereq: RUW 3101 or the equivalent, or instructor permission.
    An in-depth study of one of Russia's most revered literary works, combining close readings of Pushkin's original with analyses of operatic, artistic and cinematic adaptations by Chaikovsky, Nabokov and others. Readings and discussions primarily in Russian.
    RUW 4911 Undergraduate Research in Russian Studies, Target Language
    Credits: 0 to 3; can be repeated with change in content up to 6 credits.
    Provides firsthand, supervised research in Russian Studies, Target Language. Projects may involve inquiry, design, investigation, scholarship, discovery or application in Russian Studies, Target Language.
    RUW 4932 Selected Readings in Russian
    Credits: 1 to 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 9 credits. Prereq: one 3000-level course or the equivalent.
    Special topic, author, genre or movement in Russian literature. (H)
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    Swahili Language

    SSW 3303 Swahili Oral Literature
    Credits: 3.
    Introduces various genres of Swahili oral literatures and shows their importance, relevance and function within Swahili culture.
    SSW 4713 African Women Writers
    Credits: 3.
    Examines texts written by African women in order to understand how they address issues about race, ethnicity, gender, colonialism and religion.
    SWA 1130 Beginning Swahili 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    SWA 1131 Beginning Swahili 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: SWA 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    SWA 2200 Intermediate Swahili 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: SWA 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    SWA 2201 Intermediate Swahili 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: SWA 2200 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    SWA 3410 Advanced Swahili 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: SWA 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    SWA 3411 Advanced Swahili 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: SWA 3410 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    SWA 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: instructor permission.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course.
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    Vietnamese Language and Culture

    VTN 1130 Beginning Vietnamese 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    VTN 1131 Beginning Vietnamese 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: VTN 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    VTN 2220 Intermediate Vietnamese 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: VTN 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    VTN 2221 Intermediate Vietnamese 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: VTN 2220 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    VTN 2340 Vietnamese for Heritage Learners 1
    Credits: 4; Prereq: instructor permission.
    For those with significant speaking and listening skills, but limited reading and writing skills. Emphasis on developing latter two skills.
    VTN 2341 Vietnamese for Heritage Learners 2
    Credits: 4; Prereq: VTN 2340 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of enhancing reading and writing skills for those with speaking and listening abilities.
    VTN 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; can be repeated with a change in content up to 10 credits.
    For independent work not offered in another course. Available only by special arrangement.
    VTN 4930 Special Topics in Vietnamese Studies
    Credits: 3; can be repeated with a change in content up to 10 credits.
    Variable topics dealing with specific issues in Vietnamese studies. Available only by special arrangement.
    VTT 3500 Vietnamese Culture
    Credits: 3; Prereq: any Asia-related course with the following prefixes: ASH, CHI, CHT, JPN, JPT, REL or VTN.
    Overview of Vietnamese culture, language and history. Focuses on Vietnamese cultural norms, attitudes, values and culture through an examination of history, religious practices, language, literature, family structures, cuisine, daily life and the arts. (H and N)
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    Wolof Language

    WOL 1130 Beginning Wolof 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    WOL 1131 Beginning Wolof 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: WOL 1130 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    WOL 2200 Intermediate Wolof 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: WOL 1131 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    WOL 2201 Intermediate Wolof 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: WOL 2200 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of intermediate study.
    WOL 3410 Advanced Wolof 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: WOL 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    WOL 3411 Advanced Wolof 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: WOL 3410 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
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    Xhosa Language

    XHO 1130 Beginning Xhosa 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    XHO 1131 Beginning Xhosa 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: XHO 1130 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    XHO 2200 Intermediate Xhosa 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: XHO 1131 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    XHO 2201 Intermediate Xhosa 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: XHO 2200 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent
    Continuation of intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    XHO 3410 Advanced Xhosa 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: XHO 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    XHO 3411 Advanced Xhosa 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: 3410 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study.
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    Yoruba Language and Literature

    YOR 1130 Beginning Yoruba 1
    Credits: 5.
    Beginning study covering four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing.
    YOR 1131 Beginning Yoruba 2
    Credits: 5; Prereq: YOR 1130 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    YOR 2200 Intermediate Yoruba 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 1131 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Intermediate study of the four skills with new vocabulary and grammar.
    YOR 2201 Intermediate Yoruba 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 2200 with minimum grade of C, or S, or the equivalent.
    Continued study of the four skills with additional vocabulary and grammar.
    YOR 3410 Advanced Yoruba 1
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 2201 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    YOR 3411 Advanced Yoruba 2
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 3410 with minimum grade of C, or the equivalent.
    Continuation of advanced study of the four skills with attention to more complex structures.
    YOR 4502 Yoruba Oral Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 1131 or instructor permission; Coreq: YOR 2200 or YOR 2201, or instructor permission.
    Overview of the genres of Yoruban oral literature, stressing the importance of the spoken word in Yoruban culture and the training of Yoruban verbal artists and their place in Yoruban society.
    YOR 4905 Individual Study
    Credits: 1 to 5; Prereq: instructor permission.
    For those who seek independent work not offered in another course.
    YOT 3500 Yoruba Diaspora in the New World
    Credits: 3; Prereq: HUM 2420 or HUM 2424, or instructor permission.
    Introduction to the scope and importance of Yoruban culture in the New World and its role and significance in the resilience of African cultures in North America, South America and the Caribbean. (WR)
    YRW 4130 Readings in Yoruba Literature
    Credits: 3; Prereq: YOR 3411 or the equivalent.
    Reading skills and the analysis of literature in the original language.
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descriptions: foreign-languages-literatures